Dear parents! If your child complains of muscle pain in the arms and legs, if you notice gait disturbance, and the kid stumbles endlessly if increased body temperature, and closer to 39-40oSince when he began coughing and sneezing - bealert, you may be faced with the causative agent of poliomyelitis, which penetrated the mucous body of the child. The disease is caused by a virus that can be maintained for a long time in water, freezing carry very resistant to gastric juice, and after half an hour boiling dies, as well as UV radiation, hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, and chlorine. Realizing that the source of infection is a person, it should be noted that the virus may be present in the mucus of an infectious polio pathogen carrier, and while talking, sneezing, coughing through the respiratory tract easily moved and settled in the mucous membranes of a healthy person. In addition, the virus is able to stand out with the faeces of the patient, and then the infection can occur by eating raw infected water or boiled milk, fruits and vegetables, which explains the fact that the agent is most active in the summer-autumn period.
The incubation period of the disease lasts 9-11 days,often asymptomatic and detect the disease can not at once, but many symptoms such as: muscle pain, upset his chair and urination, muscle paralysis, and violation of swallowing, choking and shortness of breath, fever and blood pressure indicate the presence in the body of the infection. In aid of laboratory tests mucus from the nasopharynx, blood and feces. Identify a disease also helps identify high level IgM, which indicates the presence of pathogen in the body.
Among the ways and means to combat and protectfrom a severe infectious disease, of course, first of all, distinguish polio prevention and a key element of prevention, of course, it is vaccination. Today DTP vaccine and acute poliomyelitis included in the national immunization schedule and shall be binding under the initiative of the World Health Organization. Thanks to the efforts and the efforts of scientists around the world the prevention of acute poliomyelitis carried out by two types of vaccines, including inactivated and live.
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of vaccinations in today's world, where every step of the person lying in wait for viruses of all sorts and origins. according to National calendar with infantsvaccinate DPT and polio. This insidious and very dangerous disease should be given a maximum of parental attention, without missing time vaccination in order to avoid serious consequences after poliomyelitis. The temperature and a deterioration of the child's well-being should not scare parents - this is a normal state, which passes in a few days. Sanitary-hygienic regimen and compulsory isolation of patients, disinfection of the apartment, a mandatory frequent hand washing - is a condition which is necessary to provide post-polio. It is necessary to create a comfortable room temperature, regular airing, conduct physical therapy, physical therapy course. This set of activities helps to achieve a quick recovery and restoration.
The disease manifests itself in the non-paralytic andparalytic form. Non-paralytic form, flowing with catarrhal symptoms, cough and runny nose, does not preclude the recovery and full recovery. The paralytic form of post-polio, the temperature at which increases to the maximum figures shown persistent violation of motor function, retarded growth affected hands or feet, loss of nerve cells and decrease of the spinal cord sizes, and involves long complex therapy with massage, physical therapy, as well as special constructed prosthetic devices.