When medical intervention is notprevent premature birth, expectant mother transferred to the newborn intensive care unit, where special conditions are created. The probability of giving birth at less than 25 weeks is very small. Complications of premature birth to a premature baby's health and their influence on its development is directly dependent on the duration of pregnancy.
If the child was born shortly before the expected date of delivery, it has a better chance of survival. In this case, the probability of occurrence of health problems also negligible small.
Since premature infants born before completionfull-term pregnancy, a premature baby's weight is much less than normal weight babies who are born after the 9 months of pregnancy. Premature babies are particularly susceptible to various diseases, had not yet been finally formed poskoku their bodies. Premature babies require special care, as long as the organ systems are not full enough and developed to function without medical assistance.
Although most premature infants whoborn in the period between 32 and 37 weeks of pregnancy, with good care quickly catching up in weight and the development of healthy children, premature babies born at less than 26 weeks, the risk of developing long-term physical defects, such as mental retardation, deafness and cerebral palsy . In neonatal intensive care unit premature baby is placed in the "incubator." These incubators are made of transparent plastic, support the baby's temperature constant, limit water loss and reduce the possibility of infection.
Premature babies need a special meal, astheir digestive system is still underdeveloped and small weight premature infant. Feeding through a tube or intravenous feeding is used as long as the premature baby will not be able to suck and swallow. Sometimes the child is fed through the tube expressed breast mother's milk, which contains proteins that protect the body from infections and baby accelerating its growth.
A premature baby can stay inneonatal intensive care ward for a few weeks or months. The first six weeks are the most critical for the life of a premature baby. The first week of life of a premature baby is absolutely impossible to predict, so the doctor will allow discharge home only if the following conditions are met:
- If a premature baby is able to maintain body temperature in an open crib for at least 24 - 48 hours.
- If the baby is ready for breastfeeding or artificial, and additional feeding through a tube if required.
- If a child shows signs of steady growth and development.
Common health problems in preterm infants
sleep apnea (apnea), which means that the baby may have a dream through a period of respiratory failure when the heartbeat slows, and the skin is slightly turning blue.
Respiratory failure: in preterm infants is often difficult breathing due to underdeveloped lungs.
Anemia: The blood of premature infants lack the red blood cells, so in some cases they do a blood transfusion. In addition, the lifespan of red blood cells in such a child is very small.
The risk of infection (most likely): premature baby are at increased risk of infection, as any part of his body can be easily infected.
Hyperbilirubinemia: It is a condition where the baby falls ill with jaundice. It is important to control this disease since it may lead to brain damage if the bilirubin level greater than the permissible level.
How to care for a premature baby at home
Premature babies require special care andHousing attention. Mother of the child will have to devote all the time, especially the first few weeks. Support for all family members can only benefit the baby. Doctors do not recommend in the first year to give the baby who was born prematurely, in a manger. Thanks to the love and care of the home, the baby will grow perfectly normal and healthy.
Limiting the number of visitors: premature babies are prone to diseases because they have a very weak immune system. Their body can not protect itself from infections, in contrast to the body's kids born after 9 months of pregnancy. Therefore it is better to be cautious and to restrict access to the child. Adults or children suffering from cold or flu should not be near the baby. The child must be surrounded almost sterile cleanliness. In the first three months it is not recommended to bear a child out of the house.
Frequent feeding: on the day of the child should be fed at least 8 - 10 times, and to do it very slowly. Higher risk of developing necrotizing enterocolitis (gastrointestinal illness). To prevent dehydration, the interval between feedings should not exceed 4 hours. After feeding, be sure to check whether the child srygnul. Excessive regurgitation may prevent a child to gain weight. In this case, you should seek help from a doctor.
Healthy sleep: Premature babies sleep more hours per day than regular kids. Select a hard mattress and make sure that the baby is sleeping on the back, not on his stomach to reduce the risk of sudden death syndrome in a dream.
Preparing for an emergency: Even after leaving home, the doctor may recommend a period of time continue to use special equipment, such as an apnea monitor. His mother and other family members need to know how to handle such equipment. You should also learn the basics of first aid, print doctor's advice and hang them in a prominent place in the children's room.
Vaccinations: vaccinations are on such a schedule premature babies, as usual. It is desirable to adhere to the schedule, each vaccine is important. With proper care the baby's health condition is stable and he quickly catch up with their peers.