(Mumps) in children is most often occurs in moderate
form. Body temperature rises to 38-39,9 ° C, fever and chills
continue for 5-7 days, followed by headache, muscle and joint
pain, tenderness, and an increase in the salivary glands. Despite the bright clinical
picture prognosis is usually favorable, with proper treatment of the complications of mumps are rare, and in most cases they can be avoided.
Treatment of mumps
(Mumps) flowing in the mild to moderate form,
carried out at home. In just need hospitalization, children with severe
infection of the nervous system lesions and the development of complications such as orchitis and
pancreatitis. The child will have to send to the hospital if you can not provide
its isolation and treatment in the home.
Until now there are no specific drugs
acting on a virus epidemic
mumps. Treatment is aimed at easing symptoms and
prevention of its complications.
- Since the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease
patient requires bed rest and isolation from children without a history of mumps and
adult for 9 days. Statistics says that boys-keeping
bed rest, orchitis develops in 3 times less likely than those who neglected
- To reduce the symptoms of intoxication and rapid
remove the virus from the body shown excessive drinking.
- Particular attention should be paid to the toilet cavity
mouth. It is necessary to carefully brush your teeth and tongue regularly after eating to rinse
mouth with boiled water or a 2% solution of baking soda.
- In the early days of the disease the patient's food should be
liquid or semi-liquid. Recommended lacto-vegetarian diet, which excludes
fatty, fried, spicy and sweet dishes, limiting the use of flour
products. Avoid overeating.
- When the temperature rises above 38 ° C.
antipyretic drugs may be used based on paracetamol.
- In the area of the parotid salivary glands are used
dry heat: hot compress, local physiotherapy,
exposure lamp solljuks, UHF, diathermy.
- With the development of pancreatitis prescribed a strict diet
and detoxication therapy by intravenous infusion
meningitis and meningoencephalitis complicating mumps, treatment involves
spinal tap to decrease the intracranial pressure, dehydration
therapy and the appointment of corticosteroid hormones that can
quickly to stop inflammation.
orchitis shows a strict bed rest, wearing a jockstrap, supporting
testicles. To reduce the swelling in the scrotal area during the first 2-3 days
apply cold compresses, later using heat treatments. inside
prescribe anti-inflammatory, hormonal and antihistamines,
reducing the likelihood of damage to the seminiferous epithelium and the subsequent
In most cases, children pig proceeds favorably.
In severe cases and the development of meningitis or meningoencephalitis often
develop asthenic syndrome, manifested depressed mood,
fatigue, irritability, irritability, headaches,
that's why pediatricians are required to monitor children with severe
Complications of mumps orchitis and epididymitis is fraught with subsequent atrophy
testes and impaired sexual function and fertility. The defeat of the pancreas
can be the impetus for the development of diabetes. Sometimes children have had
complicated form of pigs, growing deafness.
Immediately after the recovery of patients after heavy
mumps, recommended home treatment, its duration depends on the
the child's condition. On his return to employment, it is considered advisable
Load restriction exemption from physical training for six months. Children,
undergone mumps exempt from preventive vaccination for one year.