"With the onset of autumn, almost everyone suffering from bronchial asthma, new worries. Chief among them: how to avoid the common cold? "
The probability of disease depends more onthe state of your body, rather than on the aggressiveness of the microbe or virus. Therefore, all the factors that reduce the resistance of the organism, must be minimized. It is necessary to eat well, sleep a lot and drive, do not smoke or abuse alcohol, to avoid unrest. Conflicts - a direct path to the disease.
If the family someone cold, isolate yourselffrom contact with the patient. If you are caring for the wear it on himself and his protective mask, which must be at least six layers of gauze. Buy a quartz lamp and irradiated with ultraviolet light your room and patient room at least twice a day for an hour. More often ventilate the room twice a day with a wet cleaning in the room where sleep.
And, of course, take drugs, strengthen yourimmunity: Echinacea and its derivatives or Dibazolum tablets. In close contact with the patient is helpful to dig the nose interferon 4 times a day for 4-5 drops. Before going out on the street during an outbreak for several minutes lay in the nose swabs impregnated with any vegetable oil - the image of the film is to protect the mucous membranes of the introduction of viruses. After returning home gargle and rinse your nose with water. If your child is sick with asthma, for the period of peak incidence of acute respiratory infections release him from attending kindergarten or school, even if the quarantine is not installed.
"I am 18 years, I have asthma. The doctor prescribed a hormonal inhaler, and I am afraid to use it ... "
Patients with asthma are prone to anxiety. The fact that a healthy person goes unnoticed in asthmatics may cause fear or phobia - a painful, uncontrollable feeling of fear. One of the serious problems associated with fear, a fear of corticosteroid - medication that is commonly called hormones. They are used to treat many diseases and particularly, asthma.
Highly inhaled hormonesthe vast majority of cases do not cause any significant complications, even at very long use - they are prescribed, even pregnant women and children. Hormonal complications occur in people who have a long time to accept hormonal tablets. They began treatment for a long time, when there were no modern inhaled hormones. Today, hormone pills taken only in cases where it is necessary to quickly deal with the aggravation of the disease. Short courses of such treatment did not harm the body, but to cope with the deterioration can be faster. The forms of the disease, for the treatment requiring hormone pills, there are less and less thanks to a very effective means of inhalation, which are taken in the early stages of the disease. Fear them in any case not necessary.
"Imported drugs, maybe good, but not everyone can afford them. I need ingakort, and the doctor does not write it for free. How to be?"
In the life of Russians who suffer from bronchialasthma, there was a significant event, which prepared more than one year. We have new modern domestic anti-asthma drugs: benacort - inhaler containing budesonide, a hormone, one of the most modern; salben - the inhaler that contains salbutamol powder; Saltos - tablets containing salbutamol, they operate 12 hours. New drugs are effective in almost all cases of asthma. This means that the treatment will cost you much cheaper.
For many years, scientists have worked hardthe creation of a new class of drugs for the treatment of bronchial asthma - leukotriene antagonists. Leukotrienes - substances that cause narrowing of the bronchial tree, and play an important role in the development of the disease. Now, such a medicine is in Russia - it is called akolat and manufactured by "Zeneca". The mechanism of action akolata lies precisely in the fact that it blocks leukotrienes. The drug can help with mild form of asthma, reduce the dose of hormones taken to improve the condition of patients who suffer from a form of aspirin asthma. And more recently, pharmacies can find another drug in the same class - singular.
"I am interested in the name of the disease - aspirin asthma. I never heard of her. Please tell us what kind of attack. "
For colds, toothache or headache of manyWe accept, sometimes in large quantities, familiar from childhood medicine - aspirin. But it may happen that after his admission starts choking, stuffy nose, swelling of the face will be red rashes on the skin. All this seems to be the beginning of the so-called aspirin-induced asthma. The culprits of this disease may be other analgesics and antipyretics: Analgin, indomethacin, Ortophenum, naproxen, Voltaren, Brufen and other. All are from the group of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Some complex preparations also containcurrently these dangerous substances for asthmatics - Teofedrin, baralgin and others. Approximately 6% of the population of our planet can not tolerate these drugs are: pants, feel itchy, and some fainted.
Similarly, the effect on these patientspainted in yellow color drugs or foods, which include natural dye tartrazine, as well as plant foods that contain natural aspirin-like substances - salicylates. Patients with aspirin-induced asthma, and can not tolerate alcohol, including champagne and dry wines.
Drug therapy in acuteaspirin bronchial asthma treatment does not differ from other forms of the disease. At the beginning of the disease gives good effect of cromolyn, and nedocromil sodium. In more severe disease should use inhaled glucocorticoids. At present, a good therapeutic effect can have akolat and singular of which mentioned above.
And how to be patient, if he, for example,start a headache? The only medication that he may take it paracetamol. But with him you have to be careful, because sometimes paracetamol causes the same symptoms as aspirin.
"The doctor advised me to buy a spacer. For what it is, if I use inhalers? ".
Everyone with asthma know that manyantiasthmatic drugs are inhalers. Simply click on the bottom and the drug is emitted from the inhaler, and at speeds of over 100 km / h. The patient must breathe it to a drug got into the bronchi. But the rate of inspiration in 2 times less, and so most of the expensive and effective drug remains in the mouth. In the case where the inhaler is a hormone, it may cause mucosal oral thrush development. Part of the drug from the mouth can get into the stomach, and from there into the blood, which should be avoided.
Not every patient is able to breathe properlymedication from a container. A loosely covers the mouthpiece of the inhaler, and the other makes a hasty and shallow breath. But what to do, because the drug must reach the bronchi ?!
To this was invented and spacer -additional capacity, which put on the inhaler. The drug gets there first, and the patient inhales have all taken off from a portion of an inhaler and not part of the jet, which he managed to catch. The spacer allows you to coordinate the moment of spraying and breath, which is very important during an asthma attack.