Plantar fasciitis - a disease that developsin inflammation of the plantar fascia, the broad ligament, fastened with one side to the heads of the metatarsal bones, and on the other - to the Mount of the calcaneus. This powerful bundle holds the longitudinal arch of the foot and at the same time experiencing enormous stress, because it in the vertical position of the person responsible for half of its weight! What is surprising is that the plantar fascia is often injured, degenerated and partially replaced by coarse fabrics, forming a picture typical of heel spurs.
Plantar fasciitis is often so calledcalcaneal spur. But although the clinical picture of heel spurs (ICD - M77.3) reminds fasciitis symptoms, in fact, the formation of bone spike - a consequence of current long-term inflammation of the plantar fascia, and put between the two diseases absolute equality sign would be wrong.
Subjected to constant overload, the plantar fascia is often injured. Factors contributing to the formation of heel spurs (fasciitis causes):
- Overweight, creating an additional burden on the foot and deforming vaults.
- The pathology of the spine, its curvature,leading to the displacement of the center of gravity, increasing the load on the legs and the formation of heel spurs. Photo stooped, hunched man suggests the idea of co-existing back problems and stop.
- Diseases of the joints of the lower extremities, accompanied by a redistribution of the load on the foot, often the underlying cause of heel spurs.
- Flat feet, leading to tension of the plantar fascia and microtraumas.
- Actually injured the heel bone and the adjacent part of the plantar fascia.
- Violation of lower limb blood circulation, leading to degenerative processes in the tissues of the feet, "risuyuschim" pictures of heel spurs and other foot conditions.
- Gout is a disease accompanied bymetabolic disorders, and the deposition of uric acid crystals in various tissues, including the plantar fascia, causing actually appears heel spurs (ICD - M77.3).
- All the factors that increase the burden on foot, toeg, exercise, activities that require prolonged standing work, lifting and carrying heavy loads. Models, and indeed lovers of high heels are often the owner of heel spurs. Even in the photo, heels, women who manage to wear, look intimidating, not to mention the actual load on the arches of the foot. However, in fairness it should be noted that wearing shoes on a completely flat shoes can also be attributed to the factors due to which there is heel spurs. Causes lie in developing among fans of "slippers" flat feet.
Microtrauma plantar fascia in herattachment to the heel bone leading to the development of plantar fasciitis and the emergence of pain in the heel area. At this time, the pain associated with inflammatory changes in the tissues and thus quite effective anti-inflammatory treatment eliminates disease symptoms. However, each subsequent injury causes the body to "strengthen the weak spot", gradually forming bone in a problematic area fascia. This forms a heel spur, a photo which resembles a bird's beak directed toward the arch of the foot.
Now plantar fasciitis already existson their own, without the need for "external support". Solid heel spurs reminds of itself in each step, ruthlessly thrust into the soft tissue of the heel and causing severe pain, resembling a nail injections.
To identify the disease, is sufficient to makean X-ray, heel spurs (M77,3 ICD) is clearly visible, as the thorn in the heel bone. Radiography - compulsory study in the case of plantar fasciitis and heel spurs as heel pain may also be caused by changes in systemic inflammatory diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, Reiter's syndrome and other diseases.