a three-phase system is used for the treatment of rheumatism:
- the first stage - long-term (4-6 weeks) inpatient treatment in the active phase;
- the second stage - poslebolnichnoe, sanatorium or resort and spa treatment;
- the third stage - the dispensary observation.
rheumatism treatment should be possible earlier.
the active phase of rheumatism patient should be hospitalized, if
this can not be done, it must comply with bed rest at home
conditions. In the complex treatment should include: health-protective
and motor mode, a balanced diet, medication
and physical therapy means physical therapy (physiotherapy).
Engine mode expands stihaniya rheumatic process
or reduce circulatory failure. Usually it takes
about 2 weeks.
Food should be varied, rich
vitamins, proteins, phospholipids, vegetables, fruits, eggs. Vitamin
C has a normalizing effect on the metabolism,
anti-inflammatory, stimulates the production of glucocorticoid
hormones. B vitamins increase the efficiency of the heart muscle.
Because drugs used in the treatment of rheumatism:
- antibiotics (penicillin, oxacillin, methicillin, ampicillin, bicillin 5);
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (aspirin, anopirin, atsesal, novandol, indomethacin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, piroxicam, phenylbutazone, reopirin, mefenamic acid);
- glucocorticoids (prednisolone, prednisone, dexamethasone, triamcinolone);
- immunosuppressive drugs mainly acts
delagil, Plaquenil and - (choline-line drugs
cytostatic immunosuppressants - 6-mercaptopurine, azathioprine,
Gamma globulin preparations (non-specific gamma globulin, gistoglobulin et al.) To stimulate specific immune defense of the organism.
When decompensation (violation of activity)cardiac glycosides (strofantin, Korglikon, izolanid, digoxin, digitoxin), diuretics (furosemide, Lasix, brinoldiks) cardiovascular system applied.
The combination of drugs depends on the severity of the disease, lesions of various organs.
and physical methods of treatment of rheumatism. They are an integral
part of a complex therapy, as well as represent the main
means of medical rehabilitation of patients.
rheumatism is used to enhance the overall resilience
the body, providing an anti-inflammatory, resolving
and analgesic effect, blood circulation training, readjustment of foci
During activation of rheumatism appoint UV on the area of the joints, periarticular surfaces.
a place in the treatment of rheumatic patients, especially when
reducing the activity of the process, it takes iontophoresis (physiotherapy method).
Apply calcium electrophoresis or electrophoresis on the total salicylates
technique or area of the joints.
If prolonged pain in the joints in the active and inactive phase may be used:
- solljuks lamp or lamp infrared rays;
- UHF in the region of the joints;
- paraffin baths on the affected joints.
rheumatic active phase process in order to improve blood circulation,
Elimination of the effects of immobility recommended massage
The range of therapeutic measures necessarily include physiotherapy exercises.
chronic infection exposure to ultraviolet rays, UHF,
microwaves electrophoresis or antibiotics. In the combined therapy
often include carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, radon, oxygen
and sodium chloride bath. It is believed that patients
with rheumatic most effective carbon dioxide
and hydrogen sulfide baths.
With sluggish and latent
Rheumatic heart disease that developed on the background of heart disease, effective radon
bath. In the remission phase can also be used in the form of mud
applications on the area of the affected joints.