Dermatitis - inflammation of the superficial layers of the skinneuro-allergic nature, arising as a result of exposure to external or internal stimuli, different polymorphic rash, itching and prolonged recurrent course. This is the most frequent dermatological diseases occurring in the general therapeutic practice with a frequency of about 20 to 30% of all calls about complaints of the skin condition.
If you suspect that patients with eczema,Hopefully this article will help you understand the disease. As is known, the skin, acts as a protective shell of organs, muscles, bones, and regulating body temperature, exposed to a variety of influences. Clogged skin pores leading to acne (acne). However, acne - is not the only problem that you may encounter. Are you familiar with the situation when the new soap after using the skin appears itchy rash? This reaction may be a manifestation of eczema.
What is eczema?
By eczema means a group of skin diseases(True, microbial, seborrheic, professional, atopic eczema), which are characterized by redness, itching, peeling, and irritation of the skin and the appearance of small vesicles filled with bubbles and liquid.
As mentioned above, there are several forms ofeczema, the most common and dangerous of them is atopic eczema. Causes of atopic eczema (or atopic dermatitis) are unknown, but scientists have linked its development with the features of the immune system. Some forms of eczema are also accompanied by skin allergy.
As a rule, patients with eczema are not alone in theirunhappiness - in their surroundings you can find people with the same diagnosis. Eczema can not be infected, as the flu or a sexually transmitted disease, but it is most often ill people with a genetic predisposition. According to scientists, eczema is hereditary or genetic. In general, eczema - the most common skin disease. With her at different times of life faced by every tenth inhabitant of the planet.
Eczema also often affects patients with asthma andsome types of allergies, such as hay fever. Food allergy to certain foods (e.g., cow's milk, soy, egg, fish, or wheat) can also cause or exacerbate eczema her symptoms, as well as allergies to animal tissue and coarse dust.
Signs and symptoms of eczema
It is not easy to avoid all possible pathogenseczema and eliminate all the risk factors that cause or aggravate eczema. Eczema most often affects the skin in the elbow, popliteal hollows, on ankles and wrists; as well as the face, neck and décolleté. This is just typical plots spread of eczema, but it can affect any part of the body.
In the lesions expressed melkoplastinchatoepeeling, cracked, excoriation. Thus combing and result in skin friction changes in secondary infection and a pigment. In pigmented skin erythema it is poorly visible, and thickening of the skin and changes its surface is often more pronounced in combination with hyper or hypopigmentation. Also, eczema appears dry and flaking skin lesions. However, the symptoms of eczema are strictly individual and are manifested in all different ways.
What can help a doctor?
If you suspect that patients with eczema,immediately consult a dermatologist (a doctor who deals with skin diseases). Diagnosing atopic eczema is difficult because its clinical picture is similar to the symptoms of other skin diseases. For example, eczema can easily be confused with contact dermatitis - a skin disease that is caused by skin contact with an external stimulus, for example, perfume or household chemicals.
The dermatologist will do a physical examination, examinemedical history of the patient and will ask about the complaints and symptoms, general health, chronic diseases and skin diseases in the past, family history, possible allergies and other issues related to health. The dermatologist will also help to find possible irritants skin disease. For example, if suspicious symptoms appeared after you start using a new shower gel or body lotion, be sure to inform the dermatologist - it is possible that a cream or lotion ingredient can cause skin irritation.
Emotional stress and tension can alsolead to disease eczema, so do not be surprised if the doctor will begin to ask you about his personal life and relationship with home, work colleagues and sexual partner.
Diagnosed with eczema, the dermatologist can do the following:
- recommend other medicines for oral use, if the eczema struck vast areas of the body
For the treatment of the most severe cases of eczema often recommend radiation therapy. The newest drugs that affect the immune response, are also used in the treatment of eczema.
If eczema unresponsive to standardtreatment, dermatologist conducts a survey to identify potential allergens that cause eczema, especially if you suffer from asthma or seasonal allergies.
When testing for susceptibility to foodallergens the patient consumes potentially dangerous products (such as eggs, milk, soy or nuts), and the doctor watches for Did not follow this appearance characteristic of eczema rashes. Another method of checking the susceptibility to food allergens - effect on the skin of the food product particles and monitoring the patient's response. However, in some cases, allergy test results can be misleading, since it is possible that identified an allergic reaction has nothing to do with eczema.
When you perform an allergy test on paint odors or skin patch is placed with the substance of potential allergen and observe the reaction of the skin.