This is not a disease, but only a phenomenon of the hereditary nature. Let us
we'll try to look at this problem from the standpoint of the author
Easy, just quietly
I had a look on the baby: physically healthy, smart four year old boy. Only the color of the skin and hair completely white, but still pale gray, almost transparent eyes constantly narrowed ... The child turned out to be an ordinary albinism.
Albinism disease is difficult to call, it is rather a phenomenon caused by the congenital absence of the pigment melanin, and at the genetic level.
We turn to the theory. For any inherited trait in an organism responds combination of maternal and paternal genes. In each pair, one gene is dominant, that is due to them the option tag is shown in a child, the other recessive (a sign, defined them depressed and is not shown). In the case of the parents of albinism gene described above was suppressed normal dominant gene. The son inherited from each of them for the recessive gene, which led to albinism.
Thus, the seemingly ordinary parentssuddenly is born "white" child. And the boy's relatives on his father's side in the same degree of involvement in his singularity as maternal.
Photophobia - this is not necessary
But that's the theory. And in the life of these children, there are some difficulties indeed. First and foremost - photophobia (photophobia). In the bright light of albinos suffer not only the skin (they can not sunbathe by definition!), But also the eyes. Because there is a need to squint photophobia, resulting in astigmatism. However, this problem is solved albinism. Good sunglasses, wide-brimmed hat, closed clothing and avoiding sunbathing - here you need to overcome photophobia.
But there is a second problem ... Albinos are often described as slender people with poor deformed skeleton. After the absorption of calcium by the body responsible for bone strength depends on vitamin D, and the latter is produced by exposure to sunlight. It would seem that a vicious circle? Fortunately, this problem can also be solved: calcium and vitamin D is now enough. The main thing - keep track of the balance of calcium and vitamins, and remember that excess vitamin D is just as unfavorable as the lack of it.
So, baby albino has every chance to growbroad-shouldered handsome man with a romantic pale complexion. The elegant suit and mysterious eyes behind dark glasses add this image even more charm. As for the psychological problems related albinism, they are usually larger in albino relatives than for themselves.
The myths about albinism
Because albinism - is extremely rare, even today, there are a number of myths about it, such as:
- Child-albino face blindness. There is a big difference between being totally blind and have low vision. Albinism causes "poor vision", or decreased visual acuity, but it does not cause total blindness.
- Your child does not have albinism, because his eyes were not red. In albino eyes are not red. People with albinism have blue or gray eye color. Some people with a lot of pigment have green or hazel eye color.
- Albinism is a detrimental effect on mental abilities of your child. Albinism does not affect the mental development of the child.
- Your child is deaf. This situation can be extremely rare.