What is acne?
Acne most often affects the face, scalp, neck, chest, back and shoulders. These are areas of the skin, which contains the greatest number of sebaceous
glands. Men more often suffer from cystic acne, the most
severe acne, which end with the formation of cysts, nodules,
and sometimes scarring.
For women, the most characteristic exacerbation of acne during the menstrual cycle due to hormonal changes.
acne do not cause significant physical discomfort, they can
lead to serious mental and emotional suffering. None
However, in most people, acne - mild disorder that can
monitored by ongoing non-prescription drugs,
applied to the affected skin.
However, in many cases,
acne require treatment by a doctor. Control of acne is important not only for
increase samoootsenki patient, but also to prevent the emergence of
persistent scarring on the skin.
Acne develops in the hair
follicles each containing tiny sebaceous glands and
hair. An oily substance, known as "sebum" permanent
It is produced in the sebaceous glands and moves from normal hair
the follicle to the skin surface. As previously noted, most acne
occur in early adolescence, when intensively
produced hormones - androgens.
Under the influence of androgens the sebaceous
glands enlarge and produce more sebum. Sebum
mixed with dead cells under the cover of the hair follicle and
follicle clog. The result is an ideal environment for
rapid growth of bacteria that produce substances causing
inflammation of the follicle and surrounding skin.
If the swollen follicle
is opened, the contents in the form of fat, dead skin cells and bacteria
rushes into the surrounding tissue, causing inflammation and redness.
, contrary to popular belief, acne is not caused by weak
hygiene, fried food, shrimp, chocolate, or
overexertion. However, these factors can worsen
the patient's skin. Acne can also be caused by exposure to oils,
Some cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
Types of acne
Acne lesions are divided into inflammatory and non-inflammatory.
inflammatory acne or comedones may be open
( "Chernogolovochnye") or closed ( "white heads"). When these types of
Acne is not observed redness and swelling. Blackheads -
clogged hair follicles, which are open at the top,
detecting accumulation of dead cells and sebum. these components
determine their black color.
They do not have the mud and can not be washed off. They
can be safely removed by means of a special extractor, but their
It can not be squeezed, as this may cause inflammation and possibly
scarring. Belogolovochnye eels hidden under the surface of the skin, and therefore
they look like small colored areas and white bumps.
acne causing redness and swelling of the hair follicle and the region
Around him. Reds - the result of inflammation that occurs when
swollen hair follicle ruptures and its contents are released.
There are three types of inflammatory acne lesions.
The papules are small, red swelling usually called "pimples". The pustules resemble papules, but they are under the surface of the skin contains pus, which gives them a whitish appearance.
severe forms of inflammatory acne - nodules and cysts. they are
It is located deep under the skin inflamed and pus accumulation zone
tissues. Nodules can be painful and lead to scarring.
treatment - slowing down the formation of fat, accelerate the removal of dead
cells and control bacterial infection. First of all, the skin should
It is washed twice a day with mild soap or cleanser and gently
dried. Cleaning and washing more than twice a day can strengthen
ugreobrazovanie as it causes skin irritation. Moisturizers and
cosmetics must be water based and does not encourage "komedonogenez". That is not to cause the formation of comedones.
light acne, apply freely sold drugs, such as
salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and resorcinol. These drugs
dried bacon, remove dead cells and fight bacteria. These
medicaments may be applied daily. Often for
effect sufficiently 6 - 8 weeks.
More potent means,
acids such as vitamin A: isotretinoin (isotretinoin) and retinoic
acid (retinoic acid) and azelaic acid (azelaic acid)
used in the treatment of acne are not inferior. These drugs
You should be applied daily, and the results to be expected for
Isotretinoin must not be used for pregnant women or
sexually active women as long as they do not apply
Two methods of contraception.