Depending on the depth and running processesproviding 4 stages of development, among them - the deep caries, as the final stage, when struck by the root of the tooth and save it unlikely. Carious lesions can appear anywhere on the tooth surface, localization and complexity of species isolated: Cervical, Fissure, inherent not only permanent, but also children Zubkov.
When symptoms are acute deep caries,short-term nature and arise from all kinds of stimuli. Food residues have a mechanical effect on the thinning of the bottom of the cavity, the pain disappears when the elimination of the provoking agent, irradiation is not marked. If the pain does not go with the elimination of the stimulus, keeps popping up at night, give ear, temple, back of the head, most likely, deep caries with similar symptoms complicated by acute diffuse pulpitis. Only a doctor can carry out a correct diagnosis and proper treatment by the preparation of cavities, the imposition of medical gaskets and sealing.
Biochemistry initial caries: decay and transformation of dental tissues
In the initial stage of decay, the scientists say,dentin and enamel of different chemical composition, there is an accumulation of tyrosine and its degradation leads to the formation of melanin, and it gives a yellowish-brown solid dental tissues. The affected areas of biochemistry caries can be noted the increase of protein concentration, carbohydrate-free, calcium sulphate, acid hydrolysis products.
In the final stage, when the enamel is damagedand fully involved in the pathological process of the deep portions of dentin in the pulp, there are significant morphological changes with disturbances of the protein, mineral and carbohydrate metabolism. Caries process at this time is accompanied by degeneration of dental tissue of varying degrees, which manifests the changing balance of the processes of mineralization and demineralization. Modern methods of electron microscopy, X-ray analysis make it possible to look at the morphology of the dental tissues at all levels: molecular and sub-cellular, to answer the question: "Tooth decay is contagious or not?"
oral diseases can be contagious
Before it was believed that dental caries can not becontagious, that it arises strictly individually. But American dentists, scientists have shown that the bacteria that cause tooth decay are contagious and can be transmitted from person to person. The most common organism, contributing to the emergence of this dental disease is Streptococcus mutans, it often falls even from mother to the child, such as kissing or licking a spoon or baby nipples. To reduce the incidence and risk of infection is necessary to observe personal hygiene, the use of high-quality chewing gum stimulates the production of saliva, which washes away plaque and bacteria, flossing and regular visits to the dentist. Just preventive measures are able to save the tooth cavity child from caries of deciduous teeth.
How and why to treat caries of deciduous teeth?
Oral hygiene in children carious processIt is developing rapidly, characterized by momentary loss of several units of the dentition, and the kids can even not to talk about my mother, and only the fact of chewing on one side, and breath should alert parents. At this time, Zubkov appear white or grayish-brown spots, there is a painful reaction to hot and cold. The reasons for the development of children's caries process can be:
- genetic predisposition;
- parents carriers of germs;
- low degree of mineralization;
- improper use of the nipple.
Parents traditionally been in no hurry to seek an answer toquestion: "How to treat tooth decay of baby teeth?", naively believing that teeth fall out anyway, without considering the peculiarities of children's caries process and, most importantly: how to treat? Caries of deciduous teeth, bitter tears toddlers and serious treatment can be avoided by regularly visiting the pediatric dentist. After all, if the disease process is detected at an early stage, the enamel of the child will be protected from destruction by a ftorlaka or silver fluoride, is a painless procedure and the time is not very long, not more than 30 minutes, until the child "is not tired to be treated."