Certainly, anyone considering himselfmirror, found "asymmetry" of his face - the one nostril for one to two millimeters seems bigger than the other, the left (or right) of the lower jaw seems to (or actually are) more powerful; if you put the palms together, then it may very well be that the brush one hand a little more than the other - and not necessarily that "more" brush from the "right-handed" is right. There are other ways to compare with each other those areas of the body that are supposed to be perfectly symmetrical, and to find the difference in their sizes. These "microscopic" differences in the size of the body symmetric sites have almost all the people and our reader worry, most likely, there is nothing.
However, if the size of the different limbs orbody halves differ greatly - this is a pathology. It bears the name of the state hemihypertrophy (hemi - hemi - floor). If we translate this name to the "scientific" in the everyday language, this increase in half of the body. There are several options hemihypertrophy:
- It can increase the whole body half,
- It may be the so-called krutsiatnaya (orCross) hemihypertrophy - when increases, for example, the upper body to the right (or left) to a certain limit (to the waist, for example), and below this boundary hypertrophy develops from the opposite side (top hemihypertrophy right - at the bottom of it will be left, and vice versa). The boundary between the upper and lower part of the body magnified departments at hemihypertrophy extends horizontally. The increase in the affected part of the body is sufficiently large, often uneven. Involved in the process are mainly soft tissue (skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle), but sometimes affected and the bone tissue.
There is a local form of hemihypertrophy (increaseone limb, foot, for example); This condition can occur due to violations of lymph (elephantiasis). Local (local) hemihypertrophy develops the syndrome of Sturge-Weyer because dysfunction of the sympathetic trunk (as it is now assumed); may develop unilateral hypertrophy, such as leg muscles with elephantiasis, and so on. Generally, hemihypertrophy - a progressive disease that is, once initiated, does not itself have stops progressing.
What is so dangerous hemihypertrophy? First, the cause of this condition has been poorly studied (the benefit is a rare condition, and "material" to study a little), and therefore can not make definite conclusions, than it threatens. Apparently, there are involved various mechanisms; congenital condition may have a genetic predisposition (at least in some cases). The most common cause of hemihypertrophy are disorders and vascular malformations of the system development. On the affected side is marked "marbling" of the skin and its blue, which are the result of circulatory disorders. Thus there is swelling of the skin; then there may be sores.
In addition, it is believed that when hemihypertrophyvery high risk of cancer - the development of kidney cancer (nephroblastoma), therefore patients with hemihypertrophy need to constantly examined by an oncologist for this tumor - not to miss its occurrence and start to heal at the beginning.
Unfortunately, since the exact reason is unknownhemihypertrophy development, its specific treatment there. Recommend imposition of elastic bandage on the affected limb, decreased physical activity (especially on the affected side). From medication recommended dehydrating agents, as well as drugs that improve lymph and blood circulation in the affected area. Perhaps and surgical treatment - removal of abnormal tissue and abnormal vessels; elephantiasis when conducting operations to improve lymph drainage ( "create" its drainage into the venous network).
The disease is very rare and thereforediagnosis of problems can occur. The surgeon in ordinary polyclinic diagnosis suggest, but for high-quality diagnosis and treatment should be treated in specialized medical centers, which are "flocking" patients from across the country and that, therefore, have experience with this disease.