Bacterial Vaginosis, known as Gardnerlez - Imbalance Microbial Vaginal Environment. Among sexual diseases this is the most common.
Mechanism for the development of bacterial vaginosis
The vaginal microflora is represented by a live ecosystem, the composition of which may vary under the influence of various factors. The main representatives of the environment of the vagina consider the so-called lactobacilles, which serve as a protective shield for the body. In the epithelium, lining the inner walls of the genital organs of a woman of childbearing age, there is a large amount of substance called Glycogen. With the participation of the glycogen lactobacilli becomes lactic acid, due to which the total acidity of the vagina decreases. In addition, lactobacilles synthesize hydrogen peroxide. The combination of the vaginal acid medium and hydrogen peroxide becomes a protective barrier for the growth and reproduction of malicious microorganisms. It is primarily about staphylococci, streptococci, intestinal wand, various anaerobic bacteria, a minor amount of which is permanent «residents» Vaginal microflora.
When the usual number of lactobacillus decreases, impartial pathogenic microorganisms come to the ecocreen of the vagina, the main of which - Gardnerella Vaginalis - cause the development of bacterial vaginosis. This group of microbes are involved in the release of volatile amines with a smell similar «Aroma» rotten fish.
Nature of bacterial vaginosis
Gardnerella Vaginalis microorganism can be transmitted from one person to another during sexual intercourse. However, the bacterial vaginosis, which appears as a result of the active activities of Gardnell, can not be considered a venereal disease. A small number of these pathogenic living organisms are always present in the normal vaginal microflora of women.
However, in the development of bacterial vaginosis, the quality of sex life also plays not the last role: the microflora of the vagina persistently responds to unprotected sexual contacts, a new sexual partner or a plurality of sexual partners for a short time segment.
For the health of the strong half of humanity, Gardnerella Vaginalis does not represent any danger. Men who have discovered microorganism, as well as those who are in an intimate connection with a woman, a sick bacterial vaginosis, do not need treatment.
Causes of the disease
To establish a true state of health in suspected bacterial vaginosis, the patient assign the following procedures:
- Cytological analysis and analysis of polymerase chain reaction.
- Amino-test, in the process of which chemicals interact with the contents of the smear and as a result, a characteristic fish smell appears.
- Bakposposev to detect the pathogen in the nutrient medium.
- Nagalisco microscopy. If the disease is present, the analysis will confirm the presence of the vagina of the anaerobic bacteria in the epithelium: Klebsiella, Fuzobacteria, Gardnerell. Another characteristic feature of bacterial vaginosis is the decoration of the acidic medium of the vagina to alkaline (pH above 4.5).
If all the results of the survey turned out to be positive (especially pay attention to the smear), the patient is prescribed the corresponding course of treatment.
How to get rid of bacterial vaginosis
MyMedinform.COM warns: the treatment of vaginal dysbiosis should be started immediately. Complications that appear on the basis of the launched bacterial vaginosis can manifest itself in the form of inflammation of the genital organs (uterus and ovaries) and problems during pregnancy (intrauterine infection of the baby, for example).
The patient will have two-stage therapy.
Step number 1.
Well treatment with antibiotics and combined means of the general and local spectrum of action to suppress bacterial infection. Its duration ranges from 7 to 10 days. In complex therapy use the following drugs:
- Metronidazole, Miramistin, Chlorhexidin, Tinidazole, Metrogil, Betadine, Terezhin in Tablets for Ingestion.
- Suppositories, ointments and gels in the composition of the above medicines (except tinidazole) for the introduction of the vagina.
- Viferon, Keeferon - Preparations that strengthen immunity.
- Estrogens and anti-allergic drugs.
Step number 2.
Rehabilitation of natural vaginal microflora drugs of local destination. To restore normal ecocrines, the mucous membrane is populated with such useful bacteria such as eubiotics and probiotics (lines, bifiform, bifidumbacterin).
So that treatment is effective, it is necessary to strengthen the general immunity of the body. You can do this by using one of the simple recipes of traditional medicine. To prepare an energy drink, you will need such ingredients:
- Quince - 1-2 pieces.;
- Cherry - 2 glasses;
- Lemon - 1 pc.;
- garlic - 10 teeth;
- Antonovskaya apples - 2 pcs.;
- Water - 9 glasses.
Prepare a healthy drink like this: Ripe the ripe berries of the cherries fork, quince and apples along with the leather soda on a large grater. Garlic cloves clean and skip through the press. Lemon Get rid of the bones and finely cut the fruit. All components mix and fill it just to the boiling water and cover the capacitance with a lid. After half an hour, the means is imagining and will be ready to use. Take it you need 4 times a day at 100-150 ml.
How to prevent bacterial vaginosis
- Pass the survey at the gynecologist 1 time in half a year.
- Refuse douching with antiseptic solutions.
- Beware independently take antibiotics and hormonal drugs without a doctor's knowledge.
- Chutely follow your well-mindedness, in particular, for the state of the intestinal microflora, which is directly related to the vaginal ecosable.
- Carefully spend hygiene outdoor genital organs.
- Be sure to be protected during sexual intercourse.
- Eat natural and high quality food.
- Treatment with antibacterial drugs, we certainly combine with the means restoring the colonies of beneficial bacteria in your body.