Upholstery rope is a formation of a combination of blood vessels: one vein, through which the fruit inside the placenta receives food and oxygen, as well as two arteries that serve to reverse blood circulation from the baby to the mother. All these vascular compounds are protected by a jelly-like substance that completely eliminates the risk of damage.
When the baby appears on the light, he no longer needs to be with the mother through the umbilical cord, as the baby can already breathe, eat and highlight feces yourself. Therefore, when removing the crumbs, doctors are dragging the umbilical cube with a special clip and cut it. Subsequently, the bloodstream is stopped in the umbilical vessels, it completely heals, leaving on the stomach only small «Butt». Mircles will tell about the main methods of processing navel.
Methods of care for navel in the hospital
During the period of the mother's stay with the child in maternity hospital, Umbilical firing Doctors handle yourself. As a result, only a small segment remains from all its length, not more than 2 cm long. Consider the most common methods for maintaining the umbilical rope:
- In some maternity hospitals today, an open methodology for processing a dump truck is practiced. In other words, the baby's navel does not impose a bandage, and instead, an antiseptic solution is applied every day. Often, diluted manganese or hydrogen peroxide is used.
- More common and safe way - clamp. After the obster puts on the clips to the rest of the umbilical cord, with each subsequent day of life, he begins to dry. To speed up the drying process, also applies antiseptic navel treatment. As a result - on the 5th day, the Pupovina already looks like a crust of an inanimate fabric, which soon completely disappears with the clamp. The remaining wound can be filled for about a week, but it is completely painless for the kid.
- The most rare method of maintaining umbilical cord - cutting off the blade for the 2nd day after birth. It is believed that the umbilical wound will be existed much faster in surgical cutting. To do this, it is superimposed by a tight bandage that prevents bleeding. The doctor must weaken her after 2 hours, and the next day after the procedure - to remove the compress.
After the umbilical rope is removed, some newborns may appear so sought «cutaneous» navel. This phenomenon implies that the sump section covers the skin with a baby's tummy and externally looks like «Long PUP». It should not be afraid because after drying and eliminating the umbilical cord, the skin is drawn into place, and externally such a baby will not differ from all the others.
In the next 10 days of life, the kid wound on the navel begins to heal and be covered with a dense crust. If at this time the baby continues to stay with her mother in the hospital, then doctors handle it with the same antiseptic means as a navel flasher - 1 time per day. If the crumbs appear sucrovic or bleeding, then processing is possible several times a day until the crust disappears.
When healing occurs without complications, then after the discharge of the selection of the selection from the wounds should not appear. If the droplets of Sukrovitsy or blood are noted, it is necessary to additionally apply a solution of manganese or hydrogen peroxide, no more than 2-3 times a day. Sometimes the doctor can designate the processing of the umbilical zone with a hemostatic sponge that stops blood. Most often enough just one procedure for healing the umbilical zone.
Features of the care of the navel of the house
The processing of the wounds at home requires daily application of antiseptics, within 8-10 days in a row. If the umbilical cord is cut off the surgical blade, then the processing of the wounds on average lasts 3-4 days. But in cases where the crust is bad and the navel can «mock», Recommended to lubricate the umbilical residue twice a day.
As a medical device you can use «Zelenk», which wins along with mangartee due to the absence of the need to prepare a solution.
Also, a 1% solution of chlorophyllip can also be used to handle. This alcohol fluid contains natural chlorophylls obtained as a result of eucalyptus processing. The advantage of the solution is that it has no color, due to which it is possible to identify signs of inflammation on an unpainted rink.
Important! To avoid burns and not damage the gentle skin of the baby with a chemical preparation, it is necessary to apply a solution so that it does not fall into the area around the umbilical wound.
If you have noticed that the crust on the navel began to squeeze, but it did not take it to the end - it is better to speed up its removal, smoking in 3% hydrogen peroxide. It is advisable to purchase a ready-made solution in a pharmacy and not engage in cooking at home, since it is high risk of incorrect concentration. It can entail injuries and burns of a baby skin.
Care for navel in diaper
For quick and prosperous healing of the navel, it is desirable that this area is in the air. Therefore, we need to wear a diaper in such a way that it does not hurt the umbilical residue. The solution of diapers took care of such a problem and made a line of products in which a cutout on an elastic band is provided in the area where the baby has navel.
However, sometimes the cutout is suitable for the location of the wound in the baby, so it is desirable to unscrew the top edge on the diaper. Such measures are suitable for all products, regardless of whether they have a cutout or not. The main measure of precaution - to change the diaper in time so that the baby does not get on the naughty. If this nevertheless happened, moisten a wool tampon treated in Zelenka.
Care for navel and bathing kid
Modern medicine permits a bathing of a kid with an unemployed wreck. However, it is necessary to refrain from water procedures until the clamp disappears. That water falls into the wounder, there is nothing dangerous, besides, the first bathing is usually held in the maternity hospital and the young mother will be able to visually see how the specialist does. However, there are two rules that should be followed by unquestioning:
- Bathing the baby is only needed in boiled water;
- Do not add to the water manganese, it is better to replace it with decoction from a series.
After the crumb «swims», Treat the umbilical wound with the standard method.
Why not allow when leaving for the navel
Do not touch your fingers to the umbilical wound when processing. This will not cause the baby pain, but in this way can be taken into the blood flow of a child with a mass of infections, as a result of which purulent and catarrhal omphalite can develop. Therefore, make care carefully, touching the wound with sterile subjects.
In cases where the navel does not heal and «Moknet» over 14 days - you do not need to heal the child with your own, and immediately consult a doctor. The same rule concerns cases when prolonged allocations with pus or blood are selected.
Drying of the crust can occur only on the condition that it is in the outdoor. Therefore, do not close the navel by diaper or bandages.