Hyperactivity in combination with excessive impulsivity – This is already
Deviation called hyperactivity syndrome and attention deficit. By
research data, it is found in 4–9% preschoolers and younger
Schoolchildren. And this means that in the class where 25 will study on average–27
Man, there is one, or even two hyperactive child.
However, to put this diagnosis on the basis of one «Her license» and
Dispelness is impossible. Diagnosis requires special
With manifestations of hyperactivity, parents may encounter from the first
Days of the child's life. Children are bad, sleep restlessly, cry much, during
wakefulness is very moving, excited; Sensitive to all external
stimuli – Light or noise. It is hyperactive children often
«jump out» from the strollers in the eyes of the mother, bare beds,
tilting the kettle with boiling water. AT 4–5 years old child is not capable
Focus on one lesson, his attention is scattered: for example, he
Lack of patience to listen to the end a fairy tale or play in «Silent»
games requiring concentration. Child can not be a minute
quietly sit on a chair, rushes, noise.
Parents do not accidentally say that to their children «Like attracted
Motor», And those are ready to run and jump by day. But believe it
just a consequence of a big energy stock in a child, wrong.
This discharge, which is necessary for the child due to its features
organism. In addition, hyperactivity is often accompanied by restless
movements, blow motility and excessive child-tempered child.
The situation is exacerbated in kindergarten, and later in school. Classes
require perfection, and the child spins-spinning, noise, distracts
other children. At a high level of intellectual development he learns
on the «Troika», And in the lessons it is bored. Because of its impulsiveness, the child
often falls into different alterations, acts, without thinking, as a result
what the diary is Pottit with the comments of teachers, and relationship with
Odnoklassniki do not fold.
Where did you come from «Motor»
Of course, hyperactivity syndrome with violation does not occur on
empty place. His primitives appear before the child appears.
Causes can be any problems during pregnancy and childbirth,
which are accompanied by intrauterine hypoxy (lack of oxygen).
It is about the threat of miscarriage, asphyxia, use during childbirth
auxiliary means (for example, forceps), rapid either,
On the contrary, long traumatic births, smoking during pregnancy.
Infections and intoxication In the first years of life, the baby can also augrate
hyperactivity. There is also a genetic predisposition to
At the heart of hyperactivity lies minimal brain dysfunction (MMD).
Precisely because of her children have difficulty studies. Currently
Neuropsychologists, neurophysiologists, biologists are conducted by minimal brain dysfunction and hyperactivity. They tend to identify violations
structural and functional organization of the left hemisphere, immaturity
Lobno-hippocampal brain system (it is she responsible for regulation
Lookage), low mental tone, increased depletion.
It is because of these disorders that the child is so moving, impulsive, but
This is inattentive. It is noted that the adolescent age is increased
Motor activity disappears, but inattention and
impulsive, on the contrary, can progress. Besides,
Studies have shown that hyperactive children are often experienced
Difficulties with letters and speech, utterness of complex words, patter.
Calmness, only calm
Parents often have difficulty communicating with hyperactive
Children. Some seek disciplinary methods to defeat
Naughty son or daughter – increase loads, strictly punishable
For the provinces. Others choose the path of permissiveness and provide
child full freedom of action. When determining the optimal line
behavior with a child parents often lose. Of course, different situations
Require different solutions. But first of all, parents must understand that
Their child was so actively called them and not because it does not want to correctly
behave. The child comes so unintently, so parent
Emotional bursts – attacks, swearing and threats – can only
Earl. A number of general recommendations give psychologists.
For the child, the specific setting of tasks is very important. If you want to,
so that the baby performed some kind of request, then its formulation should be
extremely clear and accurate, consisting of about ten words. Not worth it
give several tasks immediately, for example, «Go to your room, collect
toys, then wash your hands and come dining». The child is unlikely to perceive
such a tirade and his attention is simply «Switch» for something
Other. It is better to seek to execute each instruction.
The task must be limited to specific temporary
Frames. About changing the type of activity to the child need to report in advance – For 10–15 minutes, and in the expiration of the deadline for the task let it be notified as alarm clock or timer.
Bringing to the child anything, it is better to avoid words «No» and «it is forbidden». IN
any situation should be trancheled calmly, not at elevated colors.
Bruisies and bumps – Permanent «friends» active baby. But the parents are ne
It is worth trying to constantly undergo my child: excessive guard braking
Development of sense of independence. Better limit visits to places
Mass accumulation of people – Do not be in the markets, in supermarkets,
Oral instructions should be reinforced visually. It may be
plan-calendar or colorful diary, where you are with the child
You will record the reception time, performing homework,
Walking and sleep.
If it is impossible for training on a special program, it is better to choose a four-year initial training instead of three years.
Timely appeal to specialists – psychologists, neurologists, defectologists need, it helps to completely solve the problem.