Eczema - inflammation of surface layers of neurlergic nature, resulting from the impact of external or internal stimuli, differing in polymorphism of rash, itching and long-term recurrent flow. This is the most frequent dermatological disease found in general therapeutic practice with a frequency of about 20-30% of all appeals regarding the complaints of the skin condition.
If you suspect that sick eczema, we hope this article will help you understand this disease. As is known, the skin performing the function of the protective shell of organs, muscles, bones and the control temperature of the body is subject to a wide variety of influences. Skin clogging leads to acne (acne). However, acne is far from the only problem with which you may encounter. Do you know the situation when, after using a new soap on the skin, it appeared itchy rash? This reaction can be a manifestation of eczema.
What is eczema?
Under eczema, they mean a group of skin diseases (true, microbial, seborrheic, professional, atopic eczema), which are characterized by redness, itching, peeling and irritation of the skin, as well as the appearance of small bubbles filled with liquid and vesicles.
As mentioned above, there are several forms of eczema, the most common and dangerous of them is atopic eczema. The reasons for atopic eczema (or atopic dermatitis) remain unknown, but scientists associate its development with the peculiarities of the immune system. Some forms of eczema are also accompanied by skin allergies.
As a rule, patients with eczema are not alone in their misfortune - in their environment you can find people with a similar diagnosis. Eczema can not be infected with both flu or venereal diseases, but people with genetic predisposition are most often ill. According to scientists, eczema is inherited or genetically. In general, eczema - the most common skin disease. With her at different times of life, every tenth of the planet is facing.
Eczema also often amazes patients with asthma and some types of allergies, for example, hay fever. Food allergies to certain products (for example, cow milk, soy, eggs, fish, or wheat) can also cause an exam or to sharpen her symptoms, as well as allergic to animals, coarse fabrics and dust.
Signs and symptoms of eczema
It is not easy to avoid all possible eczema causative agents and eliminate all risk factors causing or aggravating. Eczema most often amazes the skin in the elbow bends, poning depressions, on the ankles and wrists; as well as on face, neck and in the area. These are only typical areas of spread of eczema, but it can hit any part of the body.
In the foci of lesion expressed fine-plane peeling, cracks, exclirations. In this case, combing and friction of the skin leads to secondary changes in the form of infection and pigmentation. The erythema pigmented skin is poorly noticeable, and thickening of the skin and changes to its surface are often more pronounced in combination with hyper- or hypopigmentation. Also eczema is manifested by dryness and peeling of the skin in the foci of lesion. However, the symptoms of eczema are strictly individual and manifest themselves in all different.
What can the doctor help?
If you suspect that they are sick with eczema, immediately contact the dermatologist (a doctor who is engaged in skin diseases). Diagnose an atopic composition is difficult, since its clinical picture is similar to the manifestations of other skin diseases. So, it is easy to confuse to the contact dermatitis - skin disease, which develops as a result of skin contact with an external stimulus, for example, a perfume or a tool of household chemicals.
The dermatologist will conduct a medical examination, examine the history of the patient and ask for complaints and symptoms, the general state of health, chronic diseases and skin diseases in the past, family history, possible allergies and other issues related to health. Dermatologist will also help find possible skin irritants. For example, if suspicious symptoms appeared after you started using a new gel for the shower or body lotion, do not forget to inform the dermatologist - it is possible that the ingredient of cream or lotion can cause skin irritation.
Emotional stress and stress can also cause disease with eczema, so do not be surprised if the doctor starts asking you about personal life and relationships with homemade, work colleagues and a sexual partner.
Diagnosing ancase, a dermatologist can do the following:
- Recommend other medications for intake, if eczema is amazed by extensive parts of the body
For the treatment of particularly severe cases, eczema often recommend radial therapy. The newest medicines affecting the body's immune response are also used in the treatment of eczema.
If eczema is immunity to standard treatment, the dermatologist conducts a survey in order to detect potential allergens causing to the field, especially if you suffer from asthma or seasonal allergies.
When checking for susceptibility to food allergens, the patient consumes potentially dangerous products (for example, eggs, milk, soybean or nuts), and the doctor observes whether the appearance of rash characteristic of eczema will follow. Another method of checking susceptibility to food allergens - exposure to the skin particles of the food product and observation of the patient's response. However, in some cases, the results of an allergic sample can be misleading, since it is possible that the detected allergic reaction is not related to eczema.
When performing an allergic sample to paints or smells on the skin, a plaster with a substance of potential allergen is placed and observed the skin reaction.