Brain Correction - This is a light shape of brain damage. It is believed that the basis of the manifestation of the brain is the violation of the bonds between the nervous cells, mainly functional. And although there is a lot of controversial and far from everything clearly in the development of a concussion of the brain, the approach to it is dominant as the easiest damage.
The concussion of the brain in the frequency of occurrence occupies the first place in the structure of cranmato-brain injury.
concussion of the brain in the population are like road traffic
Accidents and household, production and sports injury;
Criminal circumstances play a significant role.
Manifestations of brain concussion
After concussion, there may be one-time vomiting, some
Breeding, cheating or slowing the pulse, but these indicators
Soon normalize. Blood pressure quickly returns to
The limits of the norm, however, in some cases, it may more resist to increase; This
due not only to the most injury, but also accompanying it
Stress factors. Body temperature when concussing the brain remains
According to the restoration of consciousness, the complaints are typical
Headache, dizziness, weakness, noise in the ears, tides blood to
face, sweating, feeling of discomfort and sleep disorder. Pains are marked
when moving the eye, the discrepancy of the eyeballs while trying to read.
concussion cerebral general condition of victims usually fast
Improves in the first, less often - second week after concussion
It should, however, take into account that headaches
And other subjective symptoms by shaking can hold on and
significantly longer for different reasons.
Picture of concussion
The brain is largely determined by age factors. In children
breast and early age concussion of the brain often flows without
Disorders of consciousness . At the time of injury - a sharp pallor of the skin
(first of all persons), rapid heartbeat, then lethargy, drowsiness.
There are burdens when feeding, vomiting, anxiety is noted,
Sleep disorders. All manifestations pass in 2-3 days.
Children of the younger (preschool) age brain concussion can flow
Without loss of consciousness. General condition improves for 2-3 days.
the elderly and old people are primary loss of consciousness by concussion
brain is observed much less frequently than in young and middle age.
However, severe disorientation in place and
Headaches are often a pulsating character,
Localizing in the occipital region; they last from 3 to 7 days, differing
Significant intensity in persons suffering from hypertension.
Brain concussion diagnostics
The diagnosis of brain shake is especially important to take into account the circumstances
Injuries and witness information. Two roles can play
Tracks injury on the head and factors such as alcoholic intoxication,
Psychological state of the victim and t.NS.
concussion brain can indirectly promote various
Functional research (electroencephalography, ophthalmoscopy,
Ultrasonic intracranial doppler and other.). Most
informative is toolate research (preferably with
using electric power meters, audiometry, electronistagmography).
When concussing fractures there are no bones of the skull. Pressure I
The composition of the cerebrospinal fluid without deviations. M-echo is not shifted.
Computer tomography in patients with a shake does not detect
traumatic abnormalities in the state of the brain substance (gray density
and white substance remains within the normal range - respectively, 33-45 and
29-36 H) and liquor-containing intracranial spaces. Data
magnetic resonance tomography when concussing the brain also do not detect
Treatment of concussion brain
Help the victim with a concussion, if he quickly came to
consciousness (which usually takes place when concussing the brain) is
giving him a comfortable horizontal position with a slightly raised
If the brain concussion continues to be
unconscious, preferable so-called
Saving position - on the right side, head trapped, face
turned to the ground, the left hand and leg bent at right angles in
Locks and knee joints (it is predefined to eliminate fractures
limbs and spine). This position, providing free
Passage of air into light and latchless leakage of fluid from
mouth outward, prevents breaking disruption due to the spare,
Flooding in the respiratory tract of saliva, blood, vomit. If on the head
There are bleeding wounds, impose a dressing.
victims of brain concussion, even if it is from the very beginning
It seems easy, subject to transportation to the duty hospital,
where the primary diagnosis is specified.
Victims with concussion
the brain is set to bed per 1-3 days, which then, with
accounting for the features of the course of the disease, gradually expand on
2-5 days, and then, in the absence of complications, it is possible
Extract from the hospital for outpatient treatment (duration up to 2
Medical treatment when concussing the brain
directed mainly on the normalization of the functional state
brain, headache removal, dizziness, anxiety,
insomnia and other complaints. Usually the spectrum of appointed during admission
drugs include painkillers, soothing and sleeping pills,
mainly in the form of tablets, and if necessary in injections.
Among painkillers (Analgin, Pentalgin, Baratgin, Sedalgin, Maksigan
and etc.) Pick the most efficient drug in this patient.
In a similar way come with dizziness, choosing something one
from available medicines (Belloid, Bellaspon, Platifillin with
Papaverin, Tanakan, Microer and T.NS.). As soothing
Using Valerian, mother-in-law, Corvalol, Valokordin, and also
Tranquilizers (Elnyium, Sibazaz, Penazepam, Noshepam, Rudotel, etc.).
To eliminate insomnia for the night, phenobarbital or relators are prescribed.
Conducting coursework and metabolic therapy for more
Quick and complete restoration of brain function disorders.
Preferably combination of vascular (Cavinton, stamp, Sermion,
Theronicic and other.) and nootropic (nootropyl, encephol, aminolone, peyonalon
and etc.) Preparators. As options for possible combinations can be
The daily three-time reception of Cavinton 1 tab. (5 mg) and
Nootropyl 2 caps. (0.8) or Starbonon 1 tab. (25 mg) and
Encephabole 1 tab. (0,1) for 1-2 months.
overcoming frequent asthenic phenomena after concussion
Appoint: Pantogam 0.5 3 times a day, kogitum 20 ml 1 time in
Day, vasographed 2 ml 2 times a day, polyvitamins -Polimineers of the Yunicip-T type, center, Vitrum and T.NS. 1 tab. 1 per day. From
Toning preparations use ginseng root, extract
Eleutherococcus, Fruits of lemongrass, Saparal, Pantokrin.
elderly and senile age who have undergone brain concussion, strengthen
Anticerotic therapy. Also pay attention to the treatment of various
To prevent possible
Deviations in the safe congestion of the brain concussion
Requires a dispensary observation throughout the year at the neurologist
Places of residence.
Forecast when concussing the brain
adequate compliance with the regime and the absence of aggressive injury
circumstances ends with the recovery of victims with full
Restoration of ability to work. A number of patients under the alignment of acute
The brain concussion period is noted weakening the concentration,
memory, depression, irritability, anxiety, dizziness, head
pain, insomnia, fatigue, increased sensitivity to sounds and
Light. After 3-12 months after the brain concussion, these signs disappear
Or substantially smoothed. However, 3% of patients after concussion
Brain arises reasonable disability of victims.
Failure to comply with the recommended treatment regimen and behavior. It may
lead to the elongation of the recovery period and the occurrence of various
Consequences: Asthenic Syndrome, Vegeth Vascular Dystonia,
insomnia and other violations. When abusing alcohol possible
Development of epileptic seizures.