High blood pressure: what to do?


High blood pressure: what to do?Hypertension can be not onlyindependent disease (essential hypertension), but also to act as a symptom. In this case, it is most often associated with kidney disease. Hypertension is a serious threat to the work of the small arteries, which entails a number of health problems, including stroke and cerebral and myocardial infarction, and blindness. Hypertensive patients should remember that high blood pressure requires constant observation and treatment even when normalized condition.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

Previously believed that high blood pressure- The problem of women older than 40 years, but now this pathology affects many people, regardless of age and gender. How do you know whether a person is hypertensive? This is a disease characterized by symptoms such as facial flushing, hot flashes and dizziness, headaches and heart pain, blurred vision. Despite the feeling of heat, limbs are cold. Bright symptom of hypertension - it "flies" that flashed before his eyes and the noise (ringing) in the ears. Well, when the signs are clear, but in this case it is not always the case. Often, people may not know about the existence of his hypertension as long as it does not manifest itself in a more complex form. To avoid this, you need to regularly monitor the performance of your blood pressure.

How to lower high blood pressure?

  • Drug-free methods:
Symptoms of high blood pressure
  • Lifestyle. We'll have to give up bad habits and to spend time on the fresh air, rest and exercise (without exhaustion).
  • proper nutrition. People with overweight are at risk for hypertension. Objective: To normalize weight, cholesterol and blood sugar. The power necessary to exclude fast food and reduce intake of salty foods. Assistants to become hypertensive foods rich in potassium (bananas, dried fruits, tomatoes, potatoes, peas). Do not interfere, and orange juice. Dark chocolate improves elasticity of blood vessels, and also helps normalize blood pressure.
  • breath. A measured, unhurried breathing calms and reduces levels of the hormone renin, promoting an increase in pressure.
  • Medical methods:
    • antihypertensive drugs(ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers, beta-blockers, diuretics). Their action is aimed at strengthening and expansion of the vessel walls, they help to improve circulation. Drugs, normalizes blood pressure, lower cholesterol (cholesterol plaques in blood vessels trigger increased pressure) and prevent blood clots. Prescribers should the doctor after the examination and diagnosis. Some people do not tolerate sharp decline in pressure, in such cases, it is done in several approaches.
    • Emergency situations:
      • First of all, you need to call an ambulance. As she travels, the patient should be brought in half upright position (to prevent choking), to give the medicine, which he usually takes on the pressure, and diuretic. If the condition does not improve, and there will be pain in the heart, can be given nitroglycerin under the tongue. To improve the patient's leg blood flow can be lowered into the hot water. It needs fresh air, if a person is in the room.
      • Take the extra time to see a doctor for help.

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