Prevention of haemorrhage
Once a child diagnosed with hemophiliaparents need to take some measures to prevent cases of bleeding. Many of the recommendations presented below, can also be applied to the treatment of adult patients with hemophilia.
- Choose for a small child only appropriate toys without sharp parts. If often appear bruising when the child begins to walk, hem in some places pads.
- Tell your child, his brothers and sisters,as well as children, with whom he plays, hemophilia, as soon as they are able to understand it. Parents should encourage normal development of the child and to organize its interaction with other children.
- Observe vaccination schedule adopted in yourregion. Only remember here that subcutaneous injection should be done, rather than intramuscularly, and after treatment for 5 minutes to ensure the pressure necessary for the injection site.
- It is strongly recommended to vaccinate against hepatitis B, as some blood products still contain the virus. We recommend also to instill the child against hepatitis A.
- Regularly brush your teeth and visit the dentistdoctor to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. This is very important because the teeth by careless attitude to them can become infected and bleeding gums. If possible, choose a dentist who knows what hemophilia, or the one who will recommend experts from the center of hemophilia. You can recommend a toothpaste or mouthwash containing fluoride to prevent tooth decay (dental problems).
- Check the condition of your body. It is useful to regularly engage in active exercise. Developed muscles support the joints and reduces the incidence of bleeding. It is very important for the people of those regions in which the blood products are not available.
- Preferably go swimming, ridingcycling, walking, as these types of exercise with respect to the least traumatic for the joints, but can be practiced and many other sports. It is necessary to eliminate contact sports such as boxing and rugby, as the risk of injury of the head and neck. Talk about exercising or playing sports by a doctor, physiotherapist or nurse from the center of hemophilia.
When you need to see a doctor
When pain is felt in the joints or muscles. Do not wait, when the affected area will swell.
Heavy bleeding that can not be stopped without special assistance or who resumes after first aid.
When there is blood in the urine or feces.
After a blow to the head or other head injuries, or when you do not understand the reasons for prolonged headache or nausea and vomiting.
When bleeding or swelling occur in the neck.
When you do not understand the reasons for abdominal pain.
There are situations where it is difficult to obtainmedical care at the clinic, however, for patients with hemophilia, there are cases when you need to be sure to show the patient's doctor and provide him with the introduction of the necessary preparations. It is important for your family to know in advance where you should apply and who to contact if the patients with hemophilia need special assistance.