Most often chronic pancreatitis occurs becausethat a person abuses alcohol. Such pancreatitis occur in 25-60 percent of human patients. The bulk of the patients - are men. In addition, it causes the disease can be gallstones, various infections, high levels of triglycerides in the blood of the patient. Also, the cause of the disease is often the cigarette smoking, abdominal surgery. Diseases can cause even some drugs. Among such drugs include estrogen, and corticosteroids. The reasons for the appearance of this disease is also related with pancreatic cancer.
The disease can be inherited betrayed thatdue to genetic causes. The cause of the disease may be a high level of calcium in the blood, abdominal trauma, complications of cystic fibrosis. The disease can be associated with abnormalities of the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct.
For the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitisyou need a comprehensive survey. For this MipSovetov call several methods of diagnosis. First, as a rule, the palpation, which allows to check the stomach pain. It will also need to check for the presence of edema and elevated temperature. After that, the doctor usually appoints special tests, and in particular, is appointed blood testWith which can be detectedand the amount of digestive enzymes in blood sugar. In the analysis of the blood it is also important to determine the amount of fats and lipids. In addition to the blood test your doctor may prescribe stool analysis to determine the level of fat. Biochemical analysis is performed in order to evaluate the work of the pancreas, the liver. It also allows you to evaluate the pigment and lipid metabolism. The immunological blood tests are carried out if there is a suspicion of malignant tumors of the pancreas.
In addition to these diagnostic methods, it is oftenother diagnostic methods for the abdominal cavity are also prescribed, in particular, x-rays, computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (ultrasound). Computed tomography makes it possible to evaluate the pancreas, retroperitoneal space and liver. Ultrasound examination looks at the pancreas, liver, gall bladder and bile ducts. In addition, can be carried out Magnetic resonance imaging and cholangiopancreatography.
To assess the ability of digestiongastrointestinal tract coprogram performed. The same method of investigation reveals insufficient digestion of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. stool analysis is performed to determine the presence of protozoa. In addition, often with suspected pancreatitis it conducted bacteriological examination of feces. In particular, the sowing is carried out in the goiter, which is a violation of the normal intestinal flora, which often develops in the digestive diseases.
Treatment of chronic pancreatitis mayperformed as a therapeutic method, and surgical. In the treatment of chronic pancreatitis, especially, you need to follow a specific diet. In particular, the diet of the patient should be low in fat. In addition, treatment includes taking pain medication. With increased sugar in the blood insulin is appointed. In addition, substitution treatment is appointed by a pancreatic preparations. When treatment is required to eliminate from the diet of alcohol and drugs that can damage the pancreas. It is also necessary to promptly treat biliary tract disease and other pathologies that can lead to development of the chronic form of pancreatitis.
In the treatment of pancreatitis appointed antispasmodics,antibiotics, immunomodulators, antifermental drugs, motor controllers, enzymes and vitamins. The use of certain medications and treatments in general, depends on the phase of the disease, the status of the motor and secretory functions of the gastrointestinal tract. If the diagnosis of parasites, that are appointed by the antiparasitic drugs were found in the biliary tract intestine.
Power in this disease, especiallyIt should be gentle. To do this, you need to eliminate from your diet foods that can stimulate the secretion of pancreatic and gastric. These products include directly fried foods, and foods that contain a lot of cholesterol, mustard, condiments, savory snacks and horseradish. Doctors recommend eating steamed. It is believed that such food does the least harm to the body and retains all the necessary material. Eating smaller portions is recommended 5-6 times a day. The food is desirable to have in the form of heat. In addition, it is recommended to consume food in a shabby or semi-liquid form. As such, it is much better and more quickly digested. If used buckwheat, semolina, oatmeal and rice, it is recommended to boil and grind them.
In general, all the power in chronic pancreatitisIt must necessarily be balanced. In this case, the food must be present the right amount of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Therefore, in the diet should be as vegetable and animal protein.
For products authorized in the course of dieteticschronic pancreatitis include some dairy products. In particular, it can be added to yogurt menu, yogurt, mild cheese and sour curd. From meat can be beef, chicken, turkey and meat calf. Because fish can be almost all varieties of fish low-fat varieties. Allowed to eat vegetables in boiled or mashed form. As for drinks, you can weak tea, broth from wheat bran and broth hips.