If polycystic kidney disease need to follow closelyfor their blood pressure and to conduct appropriate treatment, if necessary. Otherwise, increasing the risk of disorders of the kidney, which may increase the likelihood of developing heart disease. About half of patients older than 60 years suffer from renal insufficiency. At older ages, the percentage of patients with this complication even more. Moreover, if the patient has frequent high blood pressure, the risk of renal failure increases almost twice.
Description of the disease
The disease can weaken the ability ofkidneys remove toxins, and because of this, the body will accumulate toxic substances. If the cysts grow in size, it may damage the adjacent tissue areas, which have not been changed. It can cause high blood pressure.
In some cases, the disease goes into thermal stage, due to which the patient is required to carry out constant blood purification. To save the patient's life can also be a kidney transplant.
our website notes that women have polycystic can give complications during pregnancy. Such women often for health reasons can only have one child.
Patients with polycystic kidney disease with age riskappearance of cysts in the liver only increases. And women cysts can develop at an earlier age, and besides, they have a very high resolution. The risk of this disease is even higher in women who had ever hatched baby. This is explained by the fact that the action of the female hormone promotes the growth of tumors.
Approximately 4-10% are found early brain aneurysm, which can cause bleeding.
Polycystic sometimes causing several pathologies of the heart valves, due in about? Patients suffer from mitral valve prolapse.
In the early stages of the disease had virtually nonot shown. The first overt symptoms begin to appear only at the age of 46-70 years, but sometimes their appearance is observed in childhood. There have been cases of the disease in children before birth in the mother's womb. Such pathology almost always lead to abortion or stillbirth. If polycystic inherited, it appears always very pronounced.
Among all the symptoms of the disease one of the most obviousis the increase in bilateral kidneys, which can be detected by means of palpation of the anterior abdominal wall. In addition, when the disease manifested pain in the lumbar region or reflecting the pain, which usually occurs due to stretching of the kidney tissue. This stretching occurs due to the formation of cysts in the kidneys of the set.
Once the disease is characterized by the presence ofhematuria, which is a condition in which due to bleeding within the cavity formations blood found in urine. Hematuria can be as powerful and significant.
For obvious symptoms of the disease can also be attributed kidney stones. This pathology is usually caused due to violations metabolism in organ tissues. In addition, it contributes to the presence of obstacles that impede the normal flow of urine.
If polycystic kidney disease often markedhigh blood pressure, which is due to the fact that there is pressure in the kidneys. It is usually adjusted in this special organ synthesizing substances. In violation of the blood supply to the kidneys, these substances are produced in larger quantities, which causes blood pressure rise. A man whose blood pressure rises, complains headache and pain in the heart.
Often when determined polycystic patientsthe presence of infections in the urinary system. Infection usually occurs due to a violation of urodynamics, which leads to the fact that harmful microorganisms eventually rise higher in the urinary tract and affect in the future the entire renal system. As a result, tissue is observed rapid development of purulent processes.
For obvious symptoms of polycystic kidney disease includechronic renal failure. This is the most serious complication of the disease. Often it leads to death. In renal insufficiency, multiple tissue gradually filled cysts, which leads to the cessation of discharge from the body metabolic products. Because of this, there is intoxication of the whole body and internal organ involvement. As mentioned above, these patients require kidney transplants or continuous blood purification by means of hemodialysis.
During diagnosis primarily carriedsurvey to obtain the necessary data. Queried, both the patient and his relatives to find out the cases of this disease in any of the family members were there previously. It is important to determine how long malaise. Thereafter, the patient is assigned US urinary system and optionally other internal organs. In addition, the patient is shown computed tomography urography and with the use of contrast. Also be sure to give up blood biochemistry and urine analysis is taken. Based on the data obtained prescribe.
If the treatment of polycystic kidney startin a timely manner, then there is every chance that it will be successful. When the pain appointed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. If a disease is now any infection, the antibiotics are taken. With increased pressure selected antihypertensive medications.
If the patient has a large cyst that threatened his life, then they are removed surgically. The most extreme measure of treatment is the transplantation of a donor kidney.
In the treatment of polycystic kidney disease importanceIt is also subject to the special diet. For example, the need to reduce salt intake, limit consumption of foods rich in protein, eliminate from your diet foods with a high glycemic index.