Thyroid disorders in children

Content

  • The concept of diseases of the thyroid gland
  • Symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism
  • thyroiditis
  • The nodes of the thyroid gland
  • Treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland in children



  • The concept of diseases of the thyroid gland

    Thyroid disorders in childrenThe bad ecology, food containing carcinogens, and most importantly, iodine deficiency in our food and water, leading to various diseases of the thyroid gland in children.

    Thyroid disease can be reflected andon the part of the brain, particularly the hypophysis (pituitary dependent so called), because between thyroid status and the pituitary gland, and direct feedback. Even with the minor disruption of the functioning of the thyroid gland may experience any side diseases caused by malfunction of the thyroid gland, often with completely normal readings hormones.

    The thyroid gland - a gland of internal secretion,produces some three hormones (thyroxine, triiodothyronine and calcitonin). The first two control processes of growth hormone, tissue and organ maturation child and energy metabolism, calcitonin - calcium exchange of one control factor in the cells, a member of the growth process and apparatus of the bone (along with other hormones). As the excess (hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis) and insufficiency (hypothyroidism), the functional activity of the thyroid gland is the cause of various diseases in childhood.

    The level of secretion of thyroid hormonesdirectly related to the activity of other endocrine glands (pituitary, hypothalamus, adrenal glands, gonads), the presence in food of sufficient quantity of iodine, the state of the nervous system (central and peripheral). In addition, the activity of the thyroid gland affects the hormones that produce the other two bodies: the pituitary - thyroid-stimulating hormone and hypothalamus - thyrotropin-releasing hormone.



    Symptoms of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism

    Iodine deficiency - one of the main factors predisposing to thyroid diseases. This is especially significant in childhood and adolescence.

    Condition associated with increased production of thyroid hormones called thyrotoxicosis or hyperthyroidism.

    Tireotoksitoza main symptoms:

    • heartbeat
    • sweating
    • shiver
    • double vision, a feeling of "sand" in the eyes, pressure behind the eyes, in severe cases - exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeballs)
    • irritability, poor sleep, aggression, fatigue, general weakness
    • decreased libido, potency
    • menstrual disorders
    • decrease or increase in body weight

    Hyperthyroidism requires treatment because seriously violates the child's state of health and can cause changes in the heart muscle.

    The condition associated with a decrease in thyroid hormone production is called hypothyroidism.

    Possible symptoms of hypothyroidism:

    • weakness and fatigue
    • memory loss
    • decreased libido, potency
    • menstrual disorders in girls
    • xerosis
    • brittle, dull hair and nails
    • heart rhythm disturbances, disruptions in heart work
    • swelling of the face, extremities
    • increased cholesterol in the blood
    • bad dream
    • fluctuations in blood pressure, vascular dystonia
    • depression
    • constipation
    • body weight increase

    Heavy, long the current form of hypothyroidismlead to irreversible changes in the body, as well as the hormone is universal, affecting all organs and body systems. Before the advent of dosage forms of thyroid hormones observed deaths disease.



    thyroiditis

    Thyroiditis - a group of diseases, which combines several diseases of different origin.

    Autoimmune thyroiditis is caused by partialgenetic defect in the immune system. In this case, the antibodies produced by the immune system to make their own thyroid cells as foreign invaders and damage them. Such activity eventually leads to a decrease in the ability to produce thyroid hormones, i.e. to hypothyroidism. Against the background of autoimmune thyroiditis and possible temporary increase in the production of hormones - hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis).

    Subacute thyroiditis is caused by a viral infection. The disease occurs acutely. The thyroid gland there is pain, worse when turning the head, swallowing, so patients often turn to an ENT doctor, neurologist, dentist. Perhaps the rise in temperature, deterioration of general health. Requires immediate treatment because subacute thyroiditis can lead to a permanent reduction of the thyroid gland - hypothyroidism



    The nodes of the thyroid gland

    The nodes of the thyroid gland (nodular goiter) - istumor formation thyroid gland tissue different from the structure, the structure, composition, may be benign or malignant. The main risk of thyroid nodules - their malignancy (from the Latin malignus -. Evil, harmful, fatal), ie degeneration into a malignant tumor.

    Causes of thyroid nodules:

    • iodine deficiency
    • the impact of toxic substances on the thyroid gland (varnishes and paints, solvents, gasoline, phenols, lead)
    • benign or malignant tumors
    • genetic predisposition
    • toxic adenoma

    Thyroid nodules require systematic treatment. Watch and treat nodes - is necessary. Selection of treatment individalny, according to the survey, depending on the nature of the sites.

    The presence of nodes in the thyroid gland (thyroid gland) or an increase in volume of the thyroid gland (thyroid) is usually called nodular and diffuse goiter.

    The increase in thyroid tissue and the formation of nodes can occur not only when the deficiency of iodine, but with adequate (physiological, 50-100-150 mcg / day) levels of iodine.



    Treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland in children

    The use of hormones may besound or as a temporary measure (for evaluation of thyroid status in terms of maintaining its inability to conduct other treatment, or for diagnostic purposes), as well as in connection with a remote surgical thyroid (for a reason such as node malignancy). In the latter case, the use of hormonal preparations becomes obligatory rest of his life.

    At the same time, it is important to remember that taking drugscontaining thyroid hormones, bone loss accelerates (that contributes to osteoporosis) and can lead to changes in the cells of the heart and other organs, increasing the risk of old age to atrial fibrillation (a state bordering on heart failure) and to necrosis any tissue of internal organs.

    Removing nodes (not rarely, the entire share of a thyroidgland) does not exclude functional load on the thyroid gland, i.e. does not exclude that due to thyroid come into such a state. Therefore, continuing education units. And if one lobe is removed, the thyroid nodules develop in the other lobe. And then surgeons can offer the following operation. Do not forget about the small, but very important parathyroid glands, usually located next to the thyroid gland. It is not uncommon for their removal with the thyroid lobes. This can lead to more trouble.

    The second way of treatment should be referred toreductive, since the elimination of the causes, conditions and factors, provoking functional thyroid tension (manifested in nodulation and increasing the volume), and leads to a stable reductive transformation of thyroid tissue.

    Designed and practically tried out methodtreatment of nodular and diffuse goiter of the thyroid gland include correction energy state, restoring the harmonious balance in the relationship between the internal organs, eliminating and / or reducing the influence of harmful factors, and functional "maintaining" proper thyroid. These activities are carried out through a reflex action, lifestyle assessment and recommendations for burdensome (but necessary) Power correction of a number of habits and other things affecting the pathology, and, in addition, the reception of nutraceuticals, which create the conditions for tissue restoration and thyroid function .

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