Mycoplasma - are microorganisms, occupying an intermediate position
medical classification among bacteria, fungi and viruses.
they can not exist independently, as parasites on
the cells of the host organism, receiving from them the basic nutrients
substance. Usually mycoplasma attach to epithelial cells -
mucosal lining of the intestinal, respiratory and genitourinary tracts.
Among the rather large number of mycoplasmas, occurring in
human, only four species may under certain conditions cause
disease. One of them - Mycoplasma pneumonia - affects the respiratory
system, causing inflammation of the throat, bronchial tubes and lungs.
The other three - Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma
urealiticum - are the causative agents of urogenital mycoplasmosis, which
now occupies an important place among the diseases
sexually transmitted diseases.
The stability of these microorganisms in the environment is low - they
perish quickly, so the main way of infection - sexual or intimate
household contact. Household by infection can occur if,
for example, to measure underwear or swimwear to all workers team,
lend someone a bath towel, and so on. n. Typically,
mycoplasmosis runs hidden, with a predominance
erased, oligosymptomatic forms. Approximately 40% of patients do not feel
any obvious symptoms until a stressful situation, such as abortion,
It activates an infection, often resulting in serious enough
Diagnosis of mycoplasma is quite complicated - features
unique to this disease, no, but do mycoplasma
so small that they can not be detected by conventional microscopy.
Mycoplasmosis is detected or when the smears, the test method
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR DNA diagnosis) or by
Of particular concern is the increasing spread of this infection
among pregnant women. During pregnancy, mycoplasma infection
usually escalates, leading to complications. More and more evidence indicates
a direct link mycoplasmoses and spontaneous abortion
pregnancy, as well as "non-viable" pregnancy (fetal death
the embryo in the early stages).
Fortunately, very few exceptions, mycoplasmas do not affect the fetus -
the placenta protects the developing baby from the infection. But
inflammation caused by mycoplasma, and with vaginal walls
cervix may move to the membranes. Skins are torn,
amniotic fluid wastes begin preterm labor. Risk
premature birth when infected with mycoplasma grows 2-3
times. The infant can become infected from an infected mother during
birth, passing on the "dirty" birth canal.
Mycoplasma cause of acute infection in the uterus
(Endometritis) after childbirth, abortion, caesarean section.
Endometritis is one of the most frequent and severe complications
postpartum period. The main complaint of patients mycoplasmosis women
is the presence of abundant irritating discharge from the genital tract,
mild itching, discomfort when urinating, pain during sexual
act. These sensations may be periodically amplified, then
spontaneously decrease, until the complete disappearance.
The flow of mycoplasma infection in children is different from adults -
usually affected bronchopulmonary tree: are caused by inflammation of the pharynx,
nose, bronchus and lung. The intensity of the process depends on the state of
the immune system of the child. "Weak" infected with mycoplasma kids
get sick more often and harder.
Children can be infected mycoplasmosis in kindergarten, school - any "close" team. Mycoplasma then transmitted through the air,
it only infected children whose immune systems are at the moment
severely weakened (for example, after the common cold). Most often occurs
bronchitis, but may develop pneumonia. In the US, 40% of bronchitis in
children - mycoplasma.
The main alarming symptom in these cases - for a long time (more than 2
weeks) not passing cough. Sometimes mycoplasma "stick" to the children with
bronchial asthma, asthmatic bronchitis - attacks are becoming
more. After the treatment of mycoplasmosis, these children forget about asthma
for a long time.
Treatment mycoplasmosis - a complex process, as
Mycoplasma is very resistant to antibiotics and sulfonamides
penicillin. The peculiarity of the structure of mycoplasma (no
cell wall) determines its resistance to antibiotics
acting on the envelope proteins: penicillins, cephalosporins, and others.
"Home" means from the disease is not present, but modern
antimicrobials highly enough -
izlechivaemost reaches 95%. Treatment must be conducted with
regular sexual partner. Otherwise, reinfection is inevitable -
resistance to the disease does not occur. As serious and
slight disease should not become a part of your
life, health and preventing frustrating to perceive beauty.
Early treatment saves you from so many troubles.