Toxoplasmosis - one of those diseases that are sick once in a lifetime and so easy that often do not even notice it. Utter nonsense to most people - but a disaster for the pregnant woman.
This contagious disease is almost always takes place in thelatent form. After 2-3 weeks after infection, fever, increased lymph nodes, there is a feeling of weakness. Sometimes a rash appears, but soon disappears. But strong immunity remains for life - any consequences of the disease or a secondary infection can no longer be feared. This is true with respect to all, except for pregnant women. Pregnancy - the worst possible time to hook the this infection.
How to become infected with toxoplasmosis
Become infected with toxoplasmosis can be only twoways: through contaminated meat (usually pork or lamb fault) or by contact with an infected cat. That cat, because the pick up an infection from another person, the dog through a dirty towel, sexually, by air or by whatever other means is impossible. According to US researchers, every third cat - the carrier of toxoplasmosis.
The cat's symptoms are similar tohuman, and just as easy to miss. Even ill with toxoplasmosis and received lifetime immunity, the animal is still very long allocates Toxoplasma in litter box and thus can infect humans.
What happens when toxoplasmosis
If the mother infection coincided with the firsttrimester, when the placenta is not enough permeable to pathogens, the probability to overcome the placental barrier Toxoplasma is low: about 15 percent. In this case, all may end well.
In the second trimester of Toxoplasma easier to penetrate into the bloodstream of the fetus, and the likelihood of congenital toxoplasmosis increases to 20 percent.
If infection has occurred, the pathogens areaccumulate and multiply in the brain, affecting the eyes and central nervous system of the fetus. The immune system will soon cope with the disease and destroy all of Toxoplasma in the body, but alas - of the nerve cells of the child will be damaged. The most likely effects - increased intracranial pressure, mental retardation, epilepsy and blindness.
By the third trimester of the likelihood of infectionIt grows up to 50-60 percent, but the fruit is already more resistant to the ravages of Toxoplasma. The kid could be born without any visible abnormalities. In such cases we speak of latent (ie hidden) toxoplasmosis: implications infections can occur after months or even years.
What to do
Toxoplasmosis is not an absolute indication forabortion. It is necessary to make analyzes. If toxoplasmas themselves or their antigens are found in the amniotic fluid, and the amount of toxoplasma in the blood increases rapidly, the likelihood of damage to the fetus is very high. To assess the situation and determine the degree of damage will help ultrasound.
Does it make sense to treat toxoplasmosis duringPregnancy - is still unclear. The evidence that the treatment improves the prognosis, no, but the use of antibiotics is not exactly bring. But if the trouble has occurred, you can be sure that at least the next child will not be afraid of toxoplasmosis acquired through the mother's immunity.
If there is no absolute certainty that youYou will be able to protect themselves from contact with the cat during pregnancy have to be tested regularly. Serological blood test will show if you are sick with toxoplasmosis. If you find antibodies to toxoplasma (the result of previous infection), have nothing to fear: can kiss a cat all the city without any risk of becoming infected. If there is no immunity, the analysis will have to do a cat. With a sick cat or have previously healthy, as it is sad to leave (at the time). Healthy cats need to be put under lock and key, to feed only cooked meat or other good food, very well tested for toxoplasmosis every 2-3 months, preferably in the same laboratory, so as not to miss the accidental contamination ..
To avoid infection:
- do not be tempted barbecue, Tat, chebureks and other products that may contain poorly-done meat,
- after contact with meat with fanatical care to wash your hands,
- do not try raw ground beef,
- gardening, wear rubber gloves,
- during pregnancy charge cleaning cat litter someone from the family.