Ureaplasmosis (mycoplasmosis) refers to a groupdiseases, sexually transmitted diseases. Activators of it are bacteria belonging to the genus Mycoplasma. One species of these bacteria is called for ureaplasma characteristic feature - the ability to break down urea.
Infection is possible through unprotected sexualcontact - both classical and oral. Other modes of transmission (in the home, swimming pool, sauna, bath) are not possible. The only non-sexual mode of transmission - from mother to fetus in utero or during birth, when the baby passes through the birth canal.
The incubation period ureaplasmosis (mycoplasmosis)from the moment of infection to the onset of clinical manifestations ranging from 5 to 35 days. During this time period the person is a carrier of infection and can be a source for their sexual partners of infection.
After the incubation period, the patientdevelop symptoms of urethritis - a burning sensation and pain in the urethra during urination, mucus, often appearing in the morning. If the infection occurred during oral sex, it develops a sore throat with all the usual for her symptoms.
In most cases, especially inwomen ureaplasmosis malosimptomno flows, and all manifestations of the disease expressed by so little, often sick people do not give them importance. However, manifested symptoms of the disease do not reflect the seriousness of it.
If not treated, over time allthe symptoms persist, but the infection is reliably deposited in the wall of the urethra in the prostate in men and the uterus into the vagina in women. From this point, the disease will only wait in the wings, that is, reduce immunity to express themselves in full force. The reason for this may be hypothermia, considerable physical exertion, prolonged stress, colds or any inflammatory disease, etc.
Men Ureaplasma (Mycoplasma) arepathogens of urethritis and prostatitis. For women, characterized by loss of reproductive organs - the vagina (vaginitis), cervix (cervicitis), the body of the uterus (endometritis), fallopian tubes and ovaries (salpingo). In turn, these diseases can cause miscarriage, premature birth, postpartum endometritis as well as lead to the development of infertility, both female and male.
To diagnose ureaplasmosis (mycoplasma) atwomen taken by scraping the mucosa of the urethra and cervix, among men - scraping of the urethra, the secret of the prostate, and in some cases the sperm. If necessary, takes a swab from the throat.
For the diagnosis of a variety of usesstudies. Some of them are aimed at the detection of DNA fragments (PCR), others define the cell wall of the microbe antigens (Ragan, ELISA, IFA). The most reliable for diagnosis is the culture method of the study, when special protection is planted harvested material from a patient, thus reliably detected growth Ureaplasma (Mycoplasma), titer is determined, that is, how many lives the pathogen in the host organism, is determined by the sensitivity to antibiotics. The latter is very important because there are resistant to a variety of strains of antibiotics (family) microorganisms.
Treatment of the disease is always a complex andis selected for each patient individually, taking into account the overall health status and characteristics of a particular organism. For the treatment of antibiotics are used in addition to drugs that stimulate the immune system, vitamins, physical therapy, ozone therapy and other methods depending on the spread of infection to those or other organs.
After the end of treatment and 2 weeks aftermonth test samples are taken. It is mandatory to treat all sexual partners of the patient, because otherwise possible re-infection.