What is tuberculosis?
It is very difficult to protect yourself from tuberculosis as
Infection is transmitted mainly by airborne droplets, falling into
respiratory system from a sick person to a healthy, so catch
It can be anywhere and not necessarily as a result of direct contact
with the patient.
The disease is
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or Koch's bacillus. When the active form
tuberculosis tubercle bacillus multiplies rapidly in the lungs of the patient and,
figuratively speaking, it eats human tissue, destroying the lungs,
poisoning the human products of their vital activity, highlighting
toxins in it. The process of tuberculous intoxication or poisoning
If untreated, the death rate from
active TB up to 50% within one to two years. AT
the remaining 50% of untreated TB becomes chronic
shape. Chronic patient lives for many years, continuing to allocate
mycobacteria and infect others.
It affects people regardless of their social status. get ill
tuberculosis in two ways: by infection or by activating
latent infection (dormant infection).
Tuberculosis nature was proved by the German scientist Robert Koch, when
he discovered the pathogen belonging to the Mycobacterium genus.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is still called Koch's wand.
from other microbes, it is very stable in the environment: capable
maintain its properties in the ground, snow, ice, resistant to
effects of alcohol, acids and alkalis. At the same time, the tubercle bacillus
killed by prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, high
temperature, chlorine compounds.
How to protect yourself from tuberculosis?
reduce the likelihood of primary infection of others, people sick
active tuberculosis must adhere to certain rules:
cover your mouth with a handkerchief or hand and turn away when coughing;
burn paper handkerchiefs immediately after use;
use separate utensils and not allow others to use it.
for disinfection is possible to use bleach.
A good and simple method of disinfection is airing and
hanging in the sun blankets, woolen and cotton items, as
direct sunlight kills the bacteria for 5 minutes (while
bacilli in the dark for a long time remain viable and, therefore,
the most widespread infection occurs in dark areas).
The bacteria are destroyed by heating: for 20 minutes at 60 ° C and
for 5 minutes - at 70 ° C.
The following factors
It affects the body's ability to resist the development of
active tuberculosis if infected, and increase the likelihood
Activation of latent infection:
the quality of food.
There is strong evidence that fasting or
malnutrition reduces the body's resistance;
toxic products. Smoking tobacco and drinking plenty of
alcohol significantly reduces the body's defenses. The same effect
immunosuppressants have used in the treatment of certain
- other diseases. Tuberculosis is also susceptible to HIV-infected patients with diabetes, leukemia, or leprosy;
stress. It is proved that stress and depression adversely affect the immune system.