Encephalopathy: Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

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  • Encephalopathy: Causes and symptoms
  • Diagnosis and treatment of encephalopathy


  • Encephalopathy: Causes and symptoms

    Encephalopathy - a comprehensive term used to refer to various non-inflammatory etiology processes, structurally or functionally affecting the brain.

    There are both innate and acquiredencephalopathy. Congenital forms imply the occurrence of the disease in the perinatal period, beginning at 28 weeks of gestation and ending at the end of the first week of life.

    Pathological changes can be caused by oxygen starvation of the fetus, birth trauma, among other risk factors are distinguished:
    • maternal illness during pregnancy;
    • pregnancy complications;
    • premature birth;
    • the great mass of the body of the fetus;
    • cord entanglement;
    • shortness of disclosure of the birth canal;
    • neuroinfections and others.

    Professional in this case, can putdiagnosis of encephalopathy in the first month of life, and to recommend appropriate remedial measures in order to reduce or eliminate the risk of complications, which include as minimal brain dysfunction, and severe disorders (epilepsy, cerebral palsy, and others.).

    Encephalopathy: Causes, Diagnosis, TreatmentAcquired encephalopathy may occur inlater in life as a consequence of an infectious disease, intoxication, various structural and functional changes of the brain vessels, his tumors, injuries, etc. As a rule, the disease is characterized not symptomatic, but you can select a number of manifestations, indirectly indicating the presence of a pathological process:

    • excessive irritability;
    • fast fatiguability;
    • insomnia;
    • headache;
    • memory disorder;
    • intellectual disability;
    • loss of control over emotional manifestations;
    • unmotivated aggression;
    • asthenia.

    If the reason was the poisoning encephalopathy(Alcohol or other toxic substances), the disease may be characterized as acute course, with the emergence of the specific psychosis and chronic progressive destruction. In any case, regardless of the etiology and the form, the disease requires professional advice and appointment of adequate treatment of the specific situation of the course.


    Diagnosis and treatment of encephalopathy


    Treatment of encephalopathy due to the seriousness and danger of this disease requires an extremely professional approach and does not allow independent attempts to combat the pathological process.

    Timely treatment to a specialist for treatmentencephalopathy helped to identify structural and functional changes in the brain at an early stage, for which the following diagnostic tests are used:

    • echoencephalography;
    • neurosonography;
    • electroencephalography;
    • CT scan;
    • Positron emission tomography.
    Based on the results of studies andalso guided by the data obtained in the course of examination of the patient and the analysis of its complaint, a qualified physician may choose a course of treatment that will be most effective in a particular case.
    Individual approach allows professionalsProviding adequate fighting disease because usually becomes symptomatic therapy due to the fact that encephalopathy has different effects on the organism and, moreover, different etiology, as well as other specific characteristics. This explains the need for a comprehensive treatment that combines both medicines and the selection of physical therapy, proper diet, the use of massage, etc.

    All activities should be assignedprofessional and demanding his observations in order to keep track of the pace of recovery in a timely manner or to adjust treatment encephalopathy, in accordance with the individual characteristics of the organism. Do not put off a visit to the doctor and to expose themselves to undue risk - otherwise, the risk of developing serious complications significantly impair quality of life and causing a variety of structural and functional changes.

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