Posture is good and bad


  • What is the spine?
  • What is the posture, and what good posture is different from the bad?
  • Normal posture preschooler
  • Normal student posture
  • Normal posture boys and girls

  • What is the spine?

    Parents often do not pay attention to your posture
    child - because the kid no matter what does not complain. Rather, he may complain
    on anything: headaches, fatigue, poor memory.
    But few know that all these violations caused by state

    Spine - is a complex structure. Vertebrae make it
    basis, intervertebral cartilage, joints, ligaments and vertebral processes
    device is fastened between the vertebrae, muscles provide stability
    and the mobility of the spine.

    Spine - is:

    • rigid rod that supports the torso, head and upper limb girdle;
    • reliable support of all arms of the bones and muscles, which provide any movement of the trunk and extremities;
    • lasting

    "protective case" spinal cord.

    At the same time the spine - are:

    • flexible circuit, which allows the body to bend and rotate;
    • elastic springs, which dampens shocks and bumps and keeps the balance of the body.

    All these functions are interrelated: the spine to be mobile,
    as far as possible resistant to the extent necessary, and
    strong enough to withstand static and dynamic loads.
    A spine is subjected to constant stress, because it involved
    literally in every movement: walking and with any movement of the head
    or limbs on a central axis of the body are dynamic
    load. In addition, the spine undergoes almost constant
    static load. To maintain a certain posture
    we have not only standing, but sitting or working in the slope.

    And the flexibility and rigidity provided by its spine and joints
    ligamentous apparatus. Front and rear longitudinal ligament, ligaments
    intervertebral joints and the joint capsule should be enough
    elastic to provide the necessary amount of movement of the spine,
    and strong enough to avoid damage when moving from
    large amplitude. Even minor damage to the ligaments in injuries,
    sudden movements, excessive load gradually over time lead
    to limit the mobility of the spine.

    Posture is good and bad
    Movement in the spine, in a complex system of joints, occur
    with "bearing" - Intervertebral disc and cartilage of joints,
    formed by processes of neighboring vertebrae. In cartilaginous "bearings"
    moving and attached to the spine ribs and collarbone and head.

    The spine works as a shock absorber system that is quenched
    vertical load. Attempts aimed at the vertical axis of the body,
    arise at each step or jump. Without reliable springs whole body, in
    including the brain, would receive constant shaking. Leaf
    function is performed by the elastic cartilage and intervertebral
    the presence of physiological (natural) curves of the spine - lordosis
    and kyphosis. It called lordosis curvature of the spine facing
    bulge forward, and kyphosis - convexity ago. The wavy shape
    spine helps to absorb vertical loads.

    The muscles surrounding the spine, provide two opposing
    Features - mobility and stability. Mobility in each
    intervertebral joint individually small, but on the whole spine
    - Quite a flexible system. Coordination of muscles provides
    harmonious movement of the spine.

    The main role in maintaining upright posture played back muscles,
    straightening the spine, and iliopsoas muscles. For
    stability of the spine is very important and unique hydraulic
    support - the pressure in the chest and abdominal cavities. Abdominals
    are just as important to keep the posture and protect the vertebrae from
    displacements and injuries than back muscles. Rod Muscle generates curves
    spine, stimulates its normal development. Well developed
    muscular system is able to protect the spine from traumatic stress.

    Disorders of muscle tone occur at any inadequacy
    spine. The weakness of the muscular system, uneven muscle tone
    inevitably associated with increased physiological bending or flattening
    spine or a lateral curvature. All this leads to
    Ascending the load on the intervertebral discs.

    Between "just" impaired posture and spine diseases no clear boundaries. A typical example of such a transition state - instability of the spine.
    Weak muscles and ligaments are not able to hold the vertebrae during movement,
    languid posture leads to increased pressure on the intervertebral discs, and
    while developing juvenile osteochondrosis, which is different from "ordinary" only the age of the patients.

    definition "normal", However, could not be put in
    quotes, and use in the most literal sense, because, according to
    medical statistics, 40 to 80% of all inhabitants of the globe
    osteochondrosis suffer. About one in three people over the years, LP
    He complains of back pain or headache associated with osteochondrosis.

    Thus, the two most common affliction related to
    spine - incorrect posture and osteochondrosis - the links of one
    chain. And since there is no such diseases of the spine, which is not
    would affect all other organs and systems of the body, it can be
    say that the spine - it really "health post".

    What is the posture, and what good posture is different from the bad?

    Post a short statement posture difficult. The most common and
    simple definition is:

    "The familiar pose relaxed standing
    man, he takes no unnecessary muscle tension". AT
    More broadly posture - this is the position of the body in a variety of
    static poses, and especially the work of muscles during walking and
    perform a variety of movements. But to determine what a human posture,
    while dancing, running and just walk too complicated, so if you
    posture assessment and diagnosis of violations of its use poses characteristics
    standing. Posture is dependent primarily on the shape of the spine.

    Violation of posture by themselves are not a disease, but they create
    conditions not only for the disease of the spine, but also internal
    authorities. Poor posture - is either an extension of the disease, or condition
    predbolezni. The main danger of violations of posture is that when
    it does not hurt as long as the start degenerative
    changes in the intervertebral discs (osteochondrosis).

    Even such a serious disease as scoliosis, the time proceeds without pain.

    Posture is good and bad
    Poor posture reduces the margin of the body: the heart beats
    tight chest, sunken chest and shoulders rotated forward do not give
    easy to kill, and bulging stomach upsets normal position
    abdominal organs. Reduction of physiological bends
    spine (flat back), especially in combination with flat feet,
    It leads to permanent brain and the increased microtraumas
    fatigue, headaches, impaired memory and attention.

    Most often, poor posture combined with poor muscle development and
    reduced overall body tone, impaired due to improper
    the position of the head of the brain blood supply, poor eyesight.
    Causes and effects are difficult to divide. Myopia can
    develop the habit of stooping - and, conversely, poor vision often
    It causes poor posture. Habit can stoop
    provoke scoliosis or kyphosis youth, especially in
    presence of disorders in the metabolism of connective tissue metabolism or
    violations may initially cause degeneration of intervertebral discs and bodies
    vertebrae, caused by this incorrect posture is easy to take


    "child" diseases of the spine - scoliosis and kyphosis youth
    - Considered system (ie general) diseases, which are often
    accompanied by metabolic disorders. This is true, but in
    very many cases, these diseases can be, if not prevent, or at least
    do not let them to progress.

    With proper posture all parts of the body are arranged symmetrically
    with respect to the spine, pelvis turns and no vertebrae
    the horizontal plane and the spine bends or oblique arrangement
    pelvis - in front, the spinous processes of the vertebrae located
    midline of the back. The projection of the body center of gravity, with good posture
    It is within the area of ​​a support formed by stops, around
    the line connecting the front edge of the ankle.

    body proportions change with age: the relative size of the head
    decreases limbs - is increasing and so is therefore sustainable..
    the vertical position of the body at different ages is achieved
    due to the relative position of different parts of the body and the different muscle efforts,
    supporting body. Correct posture preschooler, schoolboy, and
    also have boys and girls at puberty varies.

    Normal posture preschooler

    The thorax is symmetrical, the shoulders do not protrude in front, the scapula
    protrude slightly back, the abdomen protrudes, legs straight,
    scheduled lumbar lordosis. The spinous processes of the vertebrae located
    on the midline of the back.

    Normal student posture

    The shoulders are arranged horizontally, the blades are pressed against the back (not
    act). The physiological curves of the spine are expressed moderately.
    Bulging stomach is reduced, but the anterior surface of the abdominal wall
    located in front of the chest. The right and left halves of the body
    seen from the front and rear symmetrical.

    Normal posture boys and girls

    The spinous processes are located on the center line, legs straight,
    shoulder girdle are omitted and the same level. The blades are pressed against the back.
    Thorax symmetrical breasts in girls and boys have nipples
    symmetrical and are flush. Triangles waist (lumens
    between the arms and body) are clearly visible and are symmetrical. The abdomen is flat,
    retracted relative to the chest. Physiological bends
    spine are well defined, the girls emphasize the lumbar lordosis, in
    boys - thoracic kyphosis.

    When violations of posture torso muscles are weakened, so take
    correct posture the child can only briefly. In healthy, harmonious
    developed people youthful posture persists into old age.

    The simplest test for correct posture - to stand with his back to the wall without
    plinth. Nape blades, buttocks, calves and heels should
    touch the wall. The distance between the wall and the body in the vicinity of the cervical and
    lumbar lordosis - about 2-3 finger.

    A small body asymmetry have everyone, but if incorrect posture
    markedly pronounced, and even more so if they progress, it's time to go
    doctor. Better yet, do not correct your posture and make efforts for it
    correct formation.

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