The article deals with a very topical issue: the provision of emergency assistance to a person who has ceased cardiac activity.
Sometimes our "ignorance" leads to irreversible consequences. But armed with the necessary information, we can save millions of lives!
According to WHO statistics (World OrganizationHealth) every week of cardiac arrest kills about two hundred thousand people in the world. This happens more often not at the hospital where the patient can provide timely assistance, while at work, at home, on the road, in a campaign ... The cause of cardiac arrest could be a variety of factors - from serious diseases to concussion or electric shock.
According to the same statistics, before the arrival of the ambulancecardiac arrest kills about 95% of the victims. And this despite the fact that there are a number people who are able to provide first aid and to support a person's life before the experts. In most cases, people simply do not know how to help a person who has a sudden cardiac arrest. Meanwhile, a huge number of human lives would have been saved if resuscitation was started as soon as possible.
The first action to save
If your eyes man fell and stoppedsigns of life, it is necessary to take immediate steps to his rescue. Charge call "ambulance" to any of the others, while they themselves proceed to ascertain the presence of breathing and heart rate!
Pulse is best to probe and attach to fingersneck at 4-5 cm below the earlobe. Breathing can be determined by bringing to the mouth or nose of an ordinary mirror - if it is misted, the breath is. If neither one nor the other, immediately start artificial respiration and chest compressions. In this situation, the main thing - do not panic. We must act quickly, accurately and safely.
Before the start of resuscitation note the time when you started to render first aid and remember it. This information will be needed for emergency doctors.
Open the victim's mouth and check hisoral cavity. If the affected fuse language, it should always be correct, otherwise the air will not get into the lungs during artificial respiration. Readers of our site should be remembered that if the language sinks and does not allow for artificial respiration "mouth to mouth", you need to either turn the person on his side, or push the lower jaw, while holding his forehead.
N.B. Sometimes in severe pain, previous cardiac arrest, or carbon monoxide poisoning the victim may vomit. After losing consciousness the remnants of vomit left in the mouth. In this case it is necessary to clean the oral cavity, wound on a finger handkerchief hem of her dress, or any other piece of clothing.
Kneeling to the right of the victim, it is necessarywith his left hand at the same time to hold his head and pinch the thumb and index fingers nose. With your right hand hold the victim's mouth open.
Begin CPR. Take a deep breath, his lips tightly grasp the victim's mouth and forcibly vduyte air into his lungs. Make sure that while his chest rose. This is a sure sign that the lungs are filled with air. If this does not occur, an urgent need to stop the mouth-to-mouth and lay improvised means tracheostomy.
After each exhalation from mouth to mouth to dochest compressions: 4-5 taps with both hands laid on one another, the lower part of the chest, the pressure should be base of the palm. Pressing should be smooth and sharp as tremors. Readers of our site should know that the hands must clearly impose on the lower third of the chest rather than the stomach, and that effect will not, and can lead to rupture of the diaphragm.
N.B. Massage should be done straightened his arms at the elbows so that the pressure was carried out not only by force of arms, but also the weight of your body. The force of pressure should be sufficient to make the chest caved in for at least 3-4 cm to the spine. Often in such cases, the damage suffered chest, breaking ribs, but such injuries can be considered negligible compared to the life saving.
Rescue breathing and massages done alternately. Best of all, if in a minute you will be able to make about 12 such cycles.
In the event of the victim's pulse andrespiratory note the time elapsed since the start of intensive care, but do not stop immediately resuscitation. This can be done only if there is a smooth and stable heart rate and breathing quite often.
N.B. Do not let who came a man to get up and move to the arrival of doctors.
But, even if the person does not give signs of life,do not stop action to revitalize it for at least half an hour (over a longer time the cortex and subcortex die, and assist will not even doctors). It is very hard physically, but human life is worth the effort!