Almost every person in the course of his lifefaced with a small hemorrhage in the eye, which could occur after long sitting behind a computer monitor or a physical injury. Such cases do not represent a danger, however, are much more serious intraocular hematoma, which appear in front of complex diseases.
The appearance of blood inside the eye - is a consequence ofrupture of the vessel walls, resulting in a mechanical impact or the progressive signal pathology of internal organs. Thus, this state is accompanied by several symptoms: headache, A drop in visual acuity, occurrence of cuttingfeelings, blurring, and "flies" in front of his eyes. All these symptoms indicate a specific medical problem, which can be identified after the diagnosis of the organism. Our site will tell about the most common causes, types and methods of treatment of this disease.
Types of eye hemorrhage
Modern medical practice identifies several types of ocular hemorrhage. Let us consider them in more detail the characteristics and features of appearance.
Hemorrhage in the anterior chamber - hyphema. With this type of disease, blood froma ruptured vessel enters the space between the iris and cornea. Externally, bleeding takes the form of a uniform crimson formation with clear contours. The spreading of a blood stain throughout the eyeball is characteristic if the person is in a horizontal position. Or, sagging of the spot to the bottom, when hemorrhage occurs when the body is upright. In most cases, with hyphema, vision does not deteriorate, unless the blood zone completely covers the pupil. And the process of resorption of clots occurs quite quickly, often taking 3-4 days from the moment of formation.
Extravasates in vitreous zone - hemophthalmus. This type of bleeding occurs as a resultdamage to the shell of visual organs. Outwardly, it looks like a homogeneous formation just behind the lens, usually brown. There are also two types of effusions: full, which threatens the loss of vision, as well as partial, provoking a slight drop in sharpness function. This disease can occur after severe complications, such as atrophy of the eyeball, degeneration or retinal detachment. Recognize hemophthalmus possible on grounds such as: sudden flash of light, "fly", the appearance of dark spots before his eyes fixed.
Hemorrhage in the retina - vascular pathologyWhich manifests itself rather weak, withit is not clear to what extent damage has occurred tissue. This will help determine just examined by an ophthalmologist. This disease is manifested number of symptoms, among which are: the absence of sharp visual images before my eyes, the appearance of "flies" the black or "grid". A one-time outpouring of not facing serious consequences, but a regular occurrence it is fraught with complete loss of vision.
The main causes of eye hemorrhage
Priority action to bemake if you diagnosed with one of the signs of intraocular effusion - a definition of the type and causes. Depending on the result, you can understand how much time you have to help. In any case, this type of pathology is desirable to immediately contact a specialist. But first, consider what treatments are used in all types of hemorrhages.
Hemorrhage in the vitreous. This is the most severe case of bleeding,therefore, you should immediately seek medical help and lie down on inpatient hospitalization. With timely treatment of ophthalmologists with specialized equipment have a chance to preserve visual function. Remember, the sooner you sreagiruete - the higher the chances of recovery.
Bleeding in the eye socket. If you notice a spot of crimson in the cavityorbit - consult a doctor immediately, because such an outpouring of the eyelids and around the eyes is a sign of fracture of the skull base. If the offset has not occurred, this pathology usually eliminated without surgery. In any case, it is desirable to protect themselves against such damage, avoiding sudden, intense slopes of head injuries and falls, as well as taking vitamin C, which softens the arterial wall.
Extravasates in the anterior chamber. Specific treatment of hyphema is not required. No doubt, seek medical advice still stands, but you do not have to be hospitalized. Ophthalmologists have prescribed in this case drops of 3% potassium iodide that must prokapat for 7 days. However, if the bleeding is not held after 10 days, clumps to be removed by surgery. Delaying treatment can lead to serious complications, such as glaucoma, uveitis, cataracts, and so on. Also, it is not recommended to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and anticoagulants any form, as they may slow down the process of blood clotting.
Bleeding in the retina. Single hemorrhage into the eye does not requireurgent hospitalization. With such a display of an ophthalmologist, as a rule, appoint agents sosudoukreplyayuschee and hemostatic action, prescribes complete rest for the eyes and the overall patient comfort. However, you should immediately see a specialist, if you have signs of extensive hemorrhage.
In conclusion it is necessary to stress once againthe importance of timely hospitalization. Remember, the eyes - a very delicate, but important organ of the human body and treat it on its own is not possible if you do not have specialized education. Entrust restoring health specialist, eliminating the risk of aggravating the problem.