- What do you have with your arm?
- It was, slipped, fell, closed fracture, woke up - gypsum.
The phrase of "The Diamond Arm" is familiar to filmall Russians. Yes, you probably do not, and again found themselves in a similar situation. In winter, walking in the street, where the janitor forgot to sand slippery slope. You go look around, examines the shop window, in general wherever you look, but not his feet, suddenly slips and falls on your hand or even worse - take the leg as a result - a closed fracture of an arm or leg. Or in the summer when all the children are on vacation, your restless child runs like mad, competes with other children in the speed and agility, gets on the horizontal bar, darts, and falls into the hands of the whole body - as a result, a closed fracture of the clavicle. Familiar? And how to act to at least ease the pain until you eat a poor child to the nearest medical center? Today, in an article for the magazine our site, consider what rules of first aid you can give to the victim at the break.
What is broken and how to recognize it
For health care, you need to first determine what injury the victim. Let us give the medical definition of fracture.
Fracture - a violation of the integrity of the bone,which results when falling inflection bone, strong blow, compression under the action mechanisms and other bodies (such as plates, iron beams, etc.). SPLIT partial violation of the bone and full of integrity. If the bone is broken completely and the bone fragments are formed, such a fracture is called complete. If the bone is damaged partially, then a crack, and fracture is called partial. In any case, you can not determine the extent of bone fracture, as an X-ray is needed, which makes every aid station. You can only ascertain exactly how closed or open fracture, as determined by visual inspection.
Closed fracture - a fracture of the bone, in whichNo damage to the skin. Accordingly, in an open fracture damaged skin, the skin can be torn in several places on the site of the fracture "stick" the bones, bone fragments. In the case of an open fracture, may be bleeding, which is dangerous for the victim as an open wound microbes can enter and cause inflammation of the soft tissues.
In any case, at the turn of the person experiencessevere pain, swelling appears at the fracture site, or if the fracture is complete and closed, then of course is free to move or heard "crunching" the bone fragments. So, you have determined that the victim fracture, you should now be able to give him first aid.
CPR and first aid for fractures
You have defined an open fracture of the victim, you should:
- The first step is to provide rest to the victim. To do this, lay the victim on a flat surface, so that he could lie down without straining.
Attention! When providing first aid, you are not in any wayshould not reduce a bone sticking in the wound, do not remove bone fragments from the wound. If you do not have sufficient knowledge and skills, it may lead to further damage to the bone and the greater pain of the victim.
When arterial bleeding blood hasbright red color and pours a pulsating way, jerks. Such bleeding can be stopped if to pinch the artery above the wound. For this you will need a tourniquet (twist the handkerchief or take the belt). Strong tie up space above the wound, for example, if a broken arm, it is necessary to apply a tourniquet above the wound on the arm 10-15 cm.
Attention! Keep the harness can be no more than 1-1.5 hours, aswhen it is applied, are pressed all the vessels and impaired blood supply to all tissues. As a result, there may come necrosis, so the 1.5 hours you have to loosen the tourniquet on for 4-5 minutes, to resume blood flow to the tissue. This necessarily push his fingers artery (vein) at the site of bleeding. When you need to tighten the tourniquet again, a little above (below) the place where it was before. When applying the tourniquet you need to write on paper the exact time and give the victim to the ambulance on arrival, the doctor knew the time and if necessary loosened the harness.
When venous bleeding, the blood hasdark red color and a smooth flowing stream, not pulsating. In this case, the bandage (ie, harness) impose lower wound dressing record time, and also weaken 1-1.5 hours for 4-5 minutes.
If you have determined that the victim closedfracture in first aid consists of the same steps as in the open (1, 4, 5), with the exception of a tourniquet. In the case of bone fractures wrist, collarbone, to ensure that the victim should rest the injured arm to hang on a scarf or bandage tightly hand to the body.
Dear readers, now you know how to provide first aid for fractures. And our website is very hopeful that you will not get lost in difficult times.
Be careful and cautious!