We distinguish between lactose and lactase?
Before we talk about the problem of the body, whichcan not digest lactose, find out its concept. Called lactose sugar, which is found in milk. When injected into the small intestine produced enzyme with a similar name - lactase. Its function - split the lactose, glucose and galactose, to the sugar could be absorbed into the bloodstream. However, sometimes that is not enough lactase to digest the. In this case, do not split the lactose goes into the large intestine. It begins the fermentation and all the resulting (literally and figuratively) from here consequences:
Note that lactase production is more intense in all the first 2 years of life, followed by a decline. Some people do not even notice it, because production of lactase decreases gradually.
The forms of lactose intolerance
Unfortunately, lactose intolerance creates a big problem for babies. One of the symptoms - diarrheaCan cause the baby dehydration. Therefore, it is best in this case,consult with a specialist. If the pediatrician detects lactose intolerance, he can recommend to switch to artificial feeding. In most cases, it gives positive results.
However, a child is not excluded, and allergicreaction. Then specialists prescribe antihistamines. In extremely rare cases, complications can occur, they are accompanied by vomiting, shortness of breath. These symptoms are a sign of rare diseases - galactosemia. We already know that the galactose is produced in the cleavage of lactose enzyme lactase. Thereafter, it should translate into galactose glucose. However, if this does not happen, and galactose begins to accumulate in the body, then there are serious violations - damaged liver, kidney, there is a delay in the development of the child, both physically and mentally. Immediately necessary to remove the baby from the diet foods that contain lactose.
Can you cope with illness?
The particular methods of treatment, which wouldhelping the human body to begin production of the enzyme - lactase, there is today. This problem is not dangerous to human life, but it brings him a lot of inconvenience. How to deal with it? There are two options:
- Determine the amount you need"Milk", which the body is able to properly absorb. So you can understand - how much you can eat and drink without harming your health, to develop the so-called "safe minimum". Each person is individual. Someone can drink a whole liter of milk and not feel discomfort, while someone already has symptoms of intolerance from a few sips.
- The complete elimination of milk and milk products fromdiet. However, many will wonder: where does take calcium to the body? It appears, at least in its green vegetables, beans and fish products. Some people do not want to exclude the "milk" from the diet. They come to the aid of special preparations, based on - the enzyme lactase. It was he who helps in digestion of lactose.
We eat without damage to health
Lactose is contained not only in milk, but in theother dairy products - butter, cheese, kefir, yogurt, ice cream. Many people say that their use gives less problems. All the matter in bacteria due to lactose which is absorbed better. Here are some suggestions:
- Probiotic bacteria found in some fermented milk products secrete lactase. Therefore, you need to give preference to fermented milk products, such as yoghurts, kefir.
- Rich sources of calcium are the cheese with a long maturation period. the lactose content of the smallest.
Do not forget that lactose may be present in other foods, you should be aware.
- meat products;
- Some sauces;
- candy, cakes;
- breakfast cereals;
If you still refused milk and dairyproducts, then your diet must definitely include seafood, which is a good source of calcium. Cow's milk can be replaced with soy and make wonderful dairy dishes from it. Also add legumes, citrus fruits, nuts to the diet.
And finally I would like to note thatthe problem of lactose intolerance can actually handle without difficulty. It is only necessary to slightly revise your diet and reduce intake of dairy products on the other - at least tasty and healthy. Health to you!