Sometimes it so happens that the couple may not havechildren. Of course, you can take and the adopted child, but often have trouble morally - these children subconsciously compared with a delayed-action mine, because human nature with a lack of information, assume the worst. So, if you do not know who the child's parents, and it is likely that they were drunks, drug addicts or criminals, there is a fear that the child will go on their way.
Moreover, the desire to continue their family tobiological level, to transfer their DNA into the future, too, can have its say. In such cases, special clinics for help come, which held the pair examined and selected options.
Sometimes, just enough to treat one orboth spouses. But there are situations when one of them does not help. For such cases, and needed donor sperm and eggs - they help create a child biologically native to at least one of the spouses. And in very exceptional circumstances can the option of using both donor sperm and donor eggs - if a child from parents biologically binds only that he carried and gave birth to that woman.
Another option - it is if one of the spousesis a carrier of the disease, transmitted by inheritance. Then the use of donor sperm or eggs helps the child to be born healthy. And the sperm and egg are taking in the same family planning clinics.
Sperm donors are men from 20 to 40years (the age is fixed by law) with normal appearance and lack of congenital diseases, syphilis, HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, hepatitis; not a drug addict or an alcoholic. It is also desirable presence of healthy children - "Portfolio". Most also require that the donor was not homosexual.
Before taking the sperm first time, havepay her study (800-2000 rub., depending on the clinic, sometimes, if the clinic is in great need of donors, such tests are free). It checks the quality of the actual sperm - sperm count, their activity - and so kriotolerantnost, ie the sperm of the male carries the specific freezing.
to sperm Requirements are as follows:
- the volume of sperm actually more than 2 ml;
- . More than one ml of 80 million sperm are moving more than 60% morphologically normal more than 60%;
- kriotolerantnost - saving properties of sperm motility after thawing, while thinning 10-40 minutes;
- normal (white and gray) color;
- no agglutination (gluing) of sperm;
- not more than 5.3 leucocytes in the field of view of the microscope.
The following study himself as a donor passes:
- once - definition of blood group and Rh factor, examined by a psychiatrist, genetics counseling;
- once a year - examination by a physician and urologist;
- every 6 months in the survey gonorrhea. chlamydia, genital herpesIn 3 months ureaplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, cytomegaly, time analysis syphilisHIV, hepatitis B and C.
By the way, often such surveys can be passedwhere it is more convenient, and bring to a sperm bank reference only. Sometimes the sperm bank pays for such surveys, sometimes not - it depends on how much donors are needed at the moment.
If the donor is fit, he enters into a contract withsperm bank. In particular, he undertakes not to try to find their children, in some cases - to lead a healthy lifestyle, etc. The clinic also guarantees the anonymity of the donor, and sometimes - the benefits in using his own sperm.
A statement is formally written - a sample will be providedin the clinic, a questionnaire is filled out, a voluntary informed consent of the donor is signed, and the doctor starts an individual sperm donor card. The sperm donor’s questionnaire contains his surname, first name, patronymic, date of birth, nationality, home address, contact phone number, education, profession, marital status, children, hereditary diseases in the family, bad habits, was sick with syphilis, gonorrhea, hepatitis, was whether there is a suspicion of HIV, hepatitis B or C virus, whether the donor belongs to a group of people with non-traditional sexual orientation (homo-, bisexualism), whether he is registered in a dispensary and with which specialist. our site should emphasize that these data are not communicated to the recipient, but are taken into account by the doctor when selecting a donor for a particular couple. The wishes of the couple for some of these parameters may be taken into account.
But the next piece of information about the donorrecipients fully accessible. This height, weight, type and hair color, the cut and eye color, nose shape, face, forehead, body, size of clothes and shoes. In this photograph the recipients do not show, is given only a verbal description.
For the first time people saw sperm cells in 1677. It was the Dutchman A. Leeuwenhoek, the inventor of the microscope.
For one sperm delivery are available from 200 rubles. $ 200 depending on the clinic. As a bonus, you can consider the possibility to use their own sperm for procreation in case of any injury, which excludes paternity.
Before delivery of the sperm need 3-5 days to abstainfrom sexual intercourse. Actually for sperm collection procedures can bring an appropriate movie or magazine, but in some clinics even lead assistant. Donor withdraws in a special small room with a comfortable armchair, a washbasin, a VCR or a DVD-player and a selection of dirty magazines. At the end of the jar with the sperm is placed in a special window. Just shy can collect the semen at home (in a special container, which can be purchased at the same clinic). Transporting such sperm need at body temperature (for example, in the armpit or in the bosom) and take to the hospital within one hour.
Another aspect - from donated sperm or earlyLater, the children. It is likely that they will want to find his biological father (especially if the semen used for artificial insemination of single mothers). In theory, the anonymity is observed in family planning clinics - but in practice, it is often insufficient. And it's not even the fact that someone took advantage of database - enough DNA analysis, Internet access and some perseverance. So it is better to think in advance whether you are satisfied with this option.
Egg donors are healthy women withnormal appearance from 20 to 35 years, having healthy children, it may even be a relative or friend of the recipient. It is desirable that a woman is not planning to have more children, because in the process may damage the ovary, including those leading to infertility.
Delivery of eggs - much more complicatedprocedure than renting sperm. Moreover, not all clinics can ensure proper storage of eggs and therefore prefer to have a donor base and to withdraw cell immediately before use.
The first pregnancy with donated eggs was obtained in 1984. The first child, developed from a frozen egg, born only in December 2005.
First woman doctor examines the donor (the therapist,a psychiatrist, a gynecologist, a geneticist), it passes tests for HIV, hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases. She made an electrocardiogram and chest X-rays (these studies are valid 1 year, so that if a woman has already been subjected to them, enough to produce results). It is also determined by blood group and Rh factor. Before each attempt and give up a smear on the degree of purity of the vagina, urinalysis, blood clotting.
Documents that fills donor eggsthe same as for a sperm donor. Unless indicated in the questionnaire even breast size, and content of the voluntary informed consent of the donor is somewhat different.
If the donor is suitable to her for twoweeks of hormone therapy is used to increase the amount of the produced eggs. The growth and the degree of readiness of eggs is monitored by ultrasound. If you plan to use eggs at once (without freezing), it is added, and the correction of female hormone cycles for synchronization of the donor and the future mother (this training may take several months).
When the egg ripens, they are extracted throughabdominal wall using a thin hollow games (with intravenous anesthesia and under ultrasound guidance). In some cases, it can be accessed through the vagina. Removing the eggs is made under general anesthesia 2-3 hours donor can already leave the hospital.
our website drew attention to the fact thatthe main health risk is the probability of the existence of an excessive ovarian stimulation, until they break. There are also complications of hormonal therapy or ovarian damage in the course of the actual seizure of eggs.
For one procedure paying $ 700-1000 depending on the clinic. Also, some clinics offer insurance in case of health problems due to the stimulation of hormones.