Nine misconceptions about parasites


In recent years, countries of the former USSRinfected with helminths are increasing. Doctors attribute this trend with soil contamination with eggs of worms, wastewater discharges, increased migration of the population, low level of material and sanitation, etc.

As with any large-scale problem, helminth diseases generate a lot of errors. Here are the most common ones.

Worms - the problem of the underdeveloped countries of Asia and Africa, we have nothing to worry about

In fact, the problem is urgent worms aroundworld. According to the World Health Organization only Ascaris infestation worldwide about 1.2 billion people a year. And not all of them - live in developing countries. One in three Europeans is "owner" of one or more species of helminths.

If you observe the rules of hygiene, not afraid of worms

Nine misconceptions about parasites

This statement is only partially true. In fact, if you keep your hands clean, there is only washed vegetables and fruits - the risk of catching "portion" helminth eggs from the soil much

decreases. However, this "gift" can be obtained from the meat of an infected animal, and from his beloved cat or dog, or even a little sip of water while swimming in the open water.

The meat from the store eggs of worms does not happen

Not only is the meat from the store, but thatsold in the markets, it is required to undergo investigation for the presence of eggs and larvae of parasites. However, the absolute guarantee of these measures still do not give. It is taken for microscopic examination a few small samples from different parts of the piece of meat, eggs, and if a little bit, they just do not get into the material for research. In addition, there are unscrupulous traders who manage to sell the meat, not past due control ...

The thermally processed foods worms die

This is true, but not for allworms. The fact that the larvae of some of them (including one of the most dangerous - Trichinella), developing animal muscle borne capsule dense, rich in calcium. This capsule protects the larvae of the parasite from the effects of high temperature, but soluble in hydrochloric acid of the stomach, allowing helminths "populate" the human body.

Worms infected only disadvantaged sections of the population

Not true. The risk is almost the same, only different ways of infection. Provided a person can buy a "sponger" after eating raw fish (such as sushi), or roast beef with blood; while swimming in a pond; of pet, etc.

The main symptom of infection with worms - thinness with a good appetite

In fact, the subtleties of metabolism - somethingindividual. Someone can have all he wants, at any time, and stay thin without any parasites. The more that the weight loss as a result of helminthic infestation, appears only in the later stages of the disease, when a large number of "dependents" will appear in the body.

Generally, worms are a long time does not manifest itself, and the person feels almost healthy. The most frequent complaints during infection with intestinal worms are non-specific, it is:

  • nausea, salivation;
  • diarrhea, constipation;
  • itchy skin, allergic (up to bronchial asthma);
  • fatigue, nervousness, irritability;
  • pain in the muscles and joints.

Teeth grinding during sleep in children - a sign of infection with worms

Although research on this topic has repeatedlycarried out, the relationship between the worms and the gnashing of teeth and are not revealed. Teeth grinding during sleep (bruxism) is caused by malocclusion, ENT diseases and nervous disorders.

A more reliable indication of the child's infection with worms- Itching in the perineum. Often, it is bothers children affected by pinworms. This is because during the night the female pinworm crawls from the anus to lay eggs in the folds around the anus. This "event" is accompanied by itching, sometimes so intense that the child wakes up. A pinworm eggs under the fingernails, "mined" at carding, are a source of re-infection.

Do not drink the "chemical" medicines for worms, because there are many safe folk remedies

With exactly the opposite. Most folk anthelmintics or ineffective (such as onions and garlic) or very toxic and even poisonous (eg, male fern). At the same time, highly advanced pharmaceutical products and relatively low toxicity.

From worms can be eliminated with the help of enemas

Firstly, many live worms isintestine or in the upper parts of it, where the contents of the enema can not be reached at all. Second, the parasitic worms that live in the lower intestine, good adapted to this. They are firmly attached to the intestinal mucosa by means of suction cups or cloves, and some even introducing their head end into the wall of the intestine. Therefore, an enema can not cause them more harm than man - showering.

Thus, no one is immune from helminthsone hundred percent. Therefore, both adults and children is at least once every few years to be tested for parasitic infestation, even if nothing disturbs. It does not take much effort, time and money, while at the same time helping to eliminate time from uninvited "tenants".

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