The presence of allergic hypersensitivity tofood, in other words, allergy in the child what to do and how to help the kid, today these problems concerned the global pediatric community in search of a difficult answer. How to organize a baby's life at the very beginning and that should be taken - this is the content of international guidelines on the prevention of food allergy in children at risk.
It is known that an allergic response triggeredspecific immune mechanisms after exposure to certain irritants, allergens, which response in different organisms is not the same. Intolerance to food in children and adults may be due to congenital or acquired enzymatic defects, among them well known intolerance to cow's milk, mushrooms, citrus fruits, etc. Etiological factors of food allergies are provocateurs, contained in foods of animal or vegetable origin. Any product may be a potential allergen, it all depends on the sensitivity of the organism and its immune mechanisms to antigens, triggering the development of allergic diseases.
Among food allergens of animal originfirst of all it should be noted milk, like cow's and goat's so popular, gained fame as extraordinary "health and healing" of the product, free from allergenic agents. Foods high in protein include eggs and egg yolk, fish and seafood all the seas of all ranks. Allergens of plant origin - a red vegetables and fruits, avocados, kiwis overseas, citrus, melons, grapes, peaches, and persimmons, as well as beets and carrots, cereals and legumes. Thermal stability of these proteins causes nutritionists reduce or prohibit the use of many products, despite the fact that many of them are widely used in the food industry.
Diagnosis of allergy in children isthorough collection allergic history and keeping a food diary parents, which recorded observations on the child's body's response in connection with the use of products or the effects of certain environmental factors. Such nuances are: redness and oozing, growing itch, intestinal cramps, vomiting and diarrhea. As one of the diagnostic steps must be considered possible allergens testing, detecting accuracy depending to 90%.
In children with an increased risk ofallergic reactions is recommended as long as possible to prolong breastfeeding and refrain from introducing complementary foods before six months. Further, preference should be given food with the least allergenic potential - a meat rabbit or turkey, green apples, monocomponent vegetable mashed cabbage, pumpkin, squash and zucchini. Whole milk should be administered no earlier than 12-15 months. At the same time, regardless of the results of this survey allergic children and a half years contraindicated in eggs, fish, seafood, and many kinds of nuts.
Organization of treatment of allergies in children includes:
- diet therapy - for babies is breast-feeding, and for the rest of the children - the complete elimination of the identified allergen;
- organization hypoallergenic life, as parents should be warned;
- drug treatment is strictly controlled by an allergist;
- prevention of food allergies - for suspectedan allergic reaction to the protein for infants is recommended to use a mixture of hydrolysed therapeutic substitutes for human milk or a mixture of amino acids, extreme caution should introduce solid foods at different stages of maturation. Not advised to use infant formula based on soy.
Preference should be given to dairy-free gluten-free porridges industrial production, vegetable purees, juices and fruit puree of low-allergenic fruits and berries without sugar.
In order to organize preventive methodshypoallergenic life in allergic reactions and diseases in children, caused by various kinds of allergies, parents should be trained and alerted.