Symptoms and Treatment
Botkin's disease development
Botkin's disease (hepatitis A) in children is caused by the use of
water and food, in which the virus is present Hepatovirus kind.
Development of the disease are most prone to kids 5-7 years that a lot of time
carried out in preschool. When the hepatitis A virus enters the reservoirs
of water for public food, he can survive
up to several weeks, causing epidemic
hepatitis outbreak (Botkin's disease) have
children. Infection is possible and at the household contact.
The incubation period for
hepatitis A about 2-4 weeks, begins the process of acute infection. Epidemic hepatitis occurs in a few
- Step convalescence.
The prodromal period
(Dozheltushnom) in children may show signs of fever, intoxication.
Kids lose their appetite, have complained of general weakness and headaches. some
children can appear dry cough. Catarrhal symptoms are combined with
nausea, belching, abdominal discomfort. Many children's disease
Botkin proceeds with chairs disorders, pain in the epigastric and right
This state is observed at
for 7-10 days. In the next phase of the child's condition improves,
feverish syndrome becomes less intense. But nausea, belching may
persist or become even stronger than in dozheltushnom period. Gradually
skin and mucous baby becomes yellow (and changes
When an infectious disease has severe symptoms, treatment
carried out subject to strict bed rest, under control
dynamic performance. Some children with hepatitis A occurs
liver tenderness. They need serious deintoksikatsionnaya therapy. Stage
convalescence lasts up to several months. The child's condition gradually
restored, appetite returns to normal.
Treatment of hepatitis A should be assigned a doctor.
For the period of active manifestations of the disease are advised to take the child
thermally and mechanically gentle food, avoid fatty, fried foods,
dishes that enhance the production of bile. To reduce the signs of intoxication
children is recommended to drink more, some shows infusion therapy.
To improve digestion using lactulose,
lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. The power child with hepatitis A, certainly
They include low-fat dairy products. Cramps in the intestines removed
analgesics. After recovery, the children should be evaluated regularly in
gastroenterologist, held a series of diagnostic procedures to take drugs,
liver regenerating work.
Quality control of food and drinking water (especially
in public institutions for children).
Compliance Quarantine in identifying cases of virus infection
Hepatitis A in preschool institutions.
personal hygiene, preventive conversations with their children about the importance of compliance with the rules
infectious safety while in kindergartens, schools, summer