The causative agent - a virus that is transmittedby airborne droplets when talking, laughing, sneezing, and settled in the mucous of healthy person. Lifespan virus in up to 21 days, and in most cases without any symptoms, as usually occurs during the incubation. Actually very infectious disease begins with sudden fever, general malaise, cough and runny nose, and, of course, the main symptom is a rash. When rubella it has the form of small pink and red spots scattered throughout the body, not merging into the general redness, as in measles, as existing independently, without causing pain and itching. After a few days, usually 3-4, sometimes 5, rash, leading with rubella symptoms disappear completely without a trace, leaving no pigmentation on the skin of the patient. Sometimes it is not the body temperature rises generally, the rash appears just for a few hours, such as at night and it is easy to overlook. Such a course of the disease is called asymptomatic, and it is rarely accompanied by complications.
Based on the results of various tests andanalysis, it is possible to establish an accurate diagnosis, and in dependence on him to work out the tactics of treatment of this disease usually requires no specific treatment, only symptomatic. The disease occurs in children is not difficult, much more difficult it is transferred adults and therefore risk should be allocated - a pregnant woman, when the main target of virus attacks becoming unborn child. In the middle of the last century the problem studied Austrian scientist Gregg. On the basis of multiple blood tests and serological tests it was found that the virus triggers a series of defects in future children, especially if the infection occurs in the first 3 months of pregnancy. In addition the virus may be the cause of late spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. Pregnant women should avoid contact with the sick, and if this happens, immediately see a doctor and then a mandatory survey.
The presence of Ig G antibodies to rubella virus acuteIt allows the differential diagnosis. While antibodies to Ig M appear in the first days of the disease, and, reaching the maximum value, will soon disappear, Ig G markers remain for life. A blood test for rubella confirms rise in antibody titer to rubella virus by 3-4 times, and also indicates the presence of acute infection. To prevent the spread of the disease, isolate sick for a few days. It is very important specific prevention in women at risk, is not it should be remembered that the first infection is dangerous for the child possible birth defects. The results of analyzes determine further tactics of pregnancy, and if such contacts had taken place in a period of 18 weeks, it is possible that while the child will have to give.
Vaccination with a live vaccine gives very highpositive, and serves as a indisputable resolution of doubts: whether to do from childhood rubella vaccination. After being vaccinated against rubella, and it will work in about 3 months, you can count on a steady lifelong immunity, and therefore never get sick with the disease. No fears and doubts whether to do? Vaccination against rubella - a live vaccine strain, it is absolutely safe for the developing fetus, influencing the formation of stable immune system. In addition, we should not forget that this vaccination is compulsory for girls, moms, and conducted under the age of 13 years. Mandatory vaccine prophylaxis protocol defined by the World Health Organization since 1997, and mandatory revaccination of children provided since 2002. 6 years of age and immunization of girls starting from 13 years. There is almost no contraindications for universal immunization, except in rare cases of allergy and immunodeficiency.