- Why is the vaccine against pneumococcal disease?
- Who will protect against pneumococcus?
- Flu shots will do everything?
- Changes in legislation vaccination
According to the forecasts of physicians in the next hundred years, vaccination
will remain a priority prevention method that allows to control
infection. Thanks to vaccines, able to defeat many diseases, is carried away
lives. And even today, when the medicine is enough
a high level, it can be argued: how effectively physicians did not treat
infectious diseases, they remain without vaccination program is at best
deal with complications, and at worst - to register deaths.
morbidity and work on the creation of new vaccines is ongoing and
organized by scientists of the planet. Changes in the calendar of vaccinations
forced to wait long, because prevention is to keep pace with the times and
take into account the emergence of new diseases. Here and in the calendar this spring
Preventive vaccination appeared to change: now the vaccination against pneumococcus and influenza now mandatory and free.
This shows they are and what is needed?
Why is the vaccine against pneumococcal disease?
Pneumococcal infection - plague the current time. She is
characterized by the most severe
among all human bacterial infections. According to statistics of
pneumococcus in the world die each year 40 thousand people, and doctors believe that half
deaths can be prevented with a vaccine.
Pneumococci cause diseases such as:
- inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia);
- inflammation of the membranes of the brain (meningitis);
- inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media);
- inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis);
- blood poisoning (sepsis);
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
- inflammation of the joints (arthritis).
All these diseases occur is extremely difficult and lead to
severe complications and death.
The most common pneumococcal pneumonia. Why,
having in the arsenal of many antibiotics, doctors are so afraid of it and recommend to do
vaccinated? The fact that the widespread use of antibiotics has led to the fact that the half-resistant pneumococci
antibiotic therapy. They are not the majority of the most powerful acts
antibacterial drugs. However, the time for a rigorous selection
medicine doctors do not have the disease
developing rapidly within 2-3 days, quickly leads to severe
respiratory failure and death of the patient. As effective means
fight against pneumococci not only
a sure way out - to be vaccinated against this infection binding.
Who will protect against pneumococcus?
In 70% of cases of pneumococcal infection are victims
Small children. That is why in Russia this year introduced a compulsory
pneumococcal vaccination of children under the age of 2 months, with a booster at 4.5
and 15 months. Of course, no one would be forced not to vaccinate a child and parents, please read the recommendations
Physicians may, in writing to refuse the vaccine, but the disease
the child would then be on their conscience. Moreover, during epidemics
your child will not be allowed to appear in the children's clinic at risk
Which of the kids urged
Recommend to instill?
- Often and long ill children up to 5 years.
- Children with chronic diseases.
- Children with compromised immune systems.
- Children suffering from diabetes.
- Those who attend child care centers.
pneumococcus is recommended for adults:
- older than 60 years;
chronic respiratory diseases and
of cardio-vascular system;
with chronic alcohol and tobacco
- people with weakened immune systems.
This is contraindicated
Vaccination against pneumococcus has general contraindications like
with any other vaccine: acute infections and allergic conditions.
Flu shots will do everything?
The second innovation is the calendar vaccination - planned
flu shots. Now vaccination
flu will be mandatory and free of charge to many categories of persons.
- Children ages 6 months and up to
graduating from high school, secondary and higher education. Previously, children too
inoculated for free with their parents' permission, and now they will impart necessary
if the parents have not secured the rejection of vaccination officially.
- Pregnant women.
- Draftees and soldiers.
- People over 60 years.
Patients with chronic respiratory disorders and
cardio - vascular system, metabolic diseases.
Vaccination against influenza has general contraindications, except
this, vaccinations are contraindicated for those suffering from allergies to chicken protein.
Changes in legislation vaccination
For immunization of the population in Russia used any
vaccines are domestic or imported, available in
medical facility. But what if the quality of the vaccine does not suit you,
if, instead of our preparation, it would be desirable overseas?
An important point: vaccination
vaccine brought from outside is possible only if attached to it all
special regulations. If parents want to choose a different vaccine
for a child, you need to find another health facility where the vaccine is available.
Like it or not, the vaccine - this intervention
human organism. Post-vaccination complications, although rare, but possible. New
legislation provides for a lump sum
compensation in the amount of 10 thousand rubles in the case of serious complications
by grafting, such as anaphylactic shock, polio, meningitis, arthritis and
others. In case the amount of the child's death, his parents paid $ 30
thousand rubles. If the vaccine led to a disability, a person receives a monthly allowance of 1000