On the questions of parents concerned about the problemteething in children, meets Anna M. Solovyov, dentist, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Prevention State Medical University. Pavlova.
Question №1. The son of 9 months no teeth. It develops normally. What should we do?
Baby teeth usually begin to erupt at 6-8months. His first birthday one year old baby, as a rule, is celebrating having mouth four upper and lower incisor. By two years erupt first molars and canines. The second molars come in half a year. Complete formation of the milk dentition is usually completed in three years.
What if for 9 months your baby hasdo not cut through any one tooth? First of all, do not worry ahead of time. The delay of eruption of temporary teeth within 6 months of dentists believe is quite natural. At the same time the boys are usually teeth erupt later than girls.
Start with the fact that carefully inspect the gumsbaby: it is very likely that they look swollen and reddened, or, on the contrary, thin and pale gums, and beneath it is felt and even seen the tooth edge. In order to accelerate the eruption, buy a special ring toys - stimulants teething. Useful and easy to massage the gums with a clean finger or a teaspoon of cold. Pressure on the gums facilitates and accelerates the teething and cold reduces the discomfort.
Violation of terms of teething can betotal delay caused by the growth of the child against several diseases, primarily in rickets. Talk to your pediatrician: it is possible, your baby need vitamins or calcium supplements to maintain normal mineral metabolism.
In rare cases, children have edentia -no rudiments of teeth. So if your child is already more than a year, and his teeth have not yet begun to erupt, it is necessary to consult a dentist. Check tooth germs can use the X-ray. X-ray radiation can be dangerous for the child's body, so this study should be carried out only when necessary and prescribed by a doctor. Today it is possible to reduce the harmful effects of X-rays, if you make a picture with radiovisiograph. Such equipment is usually available in each modernly equipped dental clinic.
Question №2. Our daughter (1 year 2 months) is very cheerful and cheerful child, but in the period of teething, it does not sleep, waking up every hour and shouting themselves hoarse. Is it so worried about your teeth or behind it a serious reason?
Teething can reallyaccompanied by increased excitability: the child becomes restless, moody, often wakes up crying at night, may refuse to eat. At the same time, the baby pulls in his mouth any object as chewing gum irritation reduces itching. Dramatically strengthened secretion of saliva, which is emerging from the mouth, can cause skin irritation. Often on the cheek from the erupting tooth appears limited area of redness or rashes. Temperature may rise at the child to subfebrile values (within 37,8 °). However, fever is not necessarily accompanied by teething.
Against the backdrop of the eruption of teeth can develop one oranother infection. Therefore, the appearance of a baby has symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, earache, diarrhea, cough, rash, persistent loss of appetite or fever, seek medical advice.
What means soften the pain? The most simple - cold. Cold relieves pain and reduces swelling. If this does not work, it can be used for lubrication gum dental gel or ointment, containing the anti-inflammatory and pain medications. You can give your child an analgesic medication if necessary. Apply any medication drugs should only be prescribed by a doctor.
Question №3. Our daughter is 2 years. Teeth erupted in her white and healthy, but recently began to darken and deteriorate. Prompt, what is it?
Immediately after the eruption of baby teethexposed to the aggressive action of the external environment. On the teeth germs are deposited to form a film of plaque. The plaque is actively produced acid. Under their influence, the enamel of primary teeth is easily destroyed, and formed cavities.
Development of acid occurs particularly active inthe presence of sugar. Therefore, the cause of dental caries development in the first years of life often becomes an early transition to artificial feeding, especially if the child sucks a long sweet infant formula or juices from the horn.
Begin to regular oral careneed before teething. With moistened sanitary napkin, dressed on a clean finger, gently rub the buccal mucosa and gingiva. Recently erupted incisors first and wipe with a napkin.
In the second year of life, it's time to startUse a toothbrush. Today on sale there are special toothbrushes - they are small and have very soft bristles. Funny colorful toys decorating the handle of the brush, the child will form a positive attitude towards brushing.
We recommend parents to two years to clearbaby teeth just a wet toothbrush. Since two years, you can start using the toothpaste. Best of all, if it will paste containing fluoride. It should, however, remember that a small child is prone to swallow toothpaste when brushing, so up to 6 years is better to use children's toothpaste with a low content of fluorine. For once the cleaning is sufficient to use a small amount of fluoride toothpaste - the size of a pea.
The risk of early development of caries increased withinadequate fluoride content in drinking water. This situation occurs, for example, in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Children from 2 to 14 years old in need of a daily rate of compensation income of fluorine into the body. Recommended daily dose receiving sodium fluoride tablets or drops should determine your child's pediatrician or pediatric dentist.