The possibility of occurrence of infectious diseases in infants must be confirmed by the presence of three components:
- susceptibility of the organism;
- factor ensuring the transmission of infection from an infected to a healthy body.
The ability to cause infectious disease - apathogenicity, different organisms is different and depends on the possibilities of the pathogen introduced into the tissue and excrete toxic substances. Susceptibility to infectious diseases depends on a number of factors, and age - one of them: kids and grudnichki are in the group most vulnerable. pathogens transfer factors are the various elements of the environment, the infection is transferred mainly to air at the time of cough, sneeze and talking.
In the development of throat infections in children, there is the following periods:
- the main manifestations of the disease;
- stage of recovery.
Cause of the disease may be bacteria, viruses,fungi. In the case of low immunity microorganisms become pathogenic properties and cause inflammation. The clinical picture of the infection caused by the local manifestations, among them: dry, sore throat, pain and separation of mucus, difficulty in swallowing, fever and weakness. The possibility of serious complications occur not only due to local changes in the throat and tonsils, but also in the presence of chronic rheumatic heart disease, autoimmune glomerulonephritis, arthritis, meningitis.
Treatment is carried out by usingantimicrobials as lozenges, sprays and mouthwashes to reorganize and restore oral microflora intended strictly pediatrician. Detoxification activities by introducing special solutions show a high fever, in case of acute laryngitis, laryngospasm, stenosis and edema of the larynx.
By infectious eye diseases in childreninclude conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis and choroidal disease. If parents notice excessive tearing, decreased vision, long-term pain in the eye, edema and photophobia, redness of the sclera, recommended an immediate appeal to the specialist ophthalmologist. Be sure to visit the children's groups to exclude and limit contacts, strictly observe the rules of personal hygiene, as some infectious diseases of the eye in children is very contagious.
Conjunctivitis - a group of the most frequentlyfound inflammatory eye diseases. The path of infection is easy to follow, when the kids rub eyes with dirty hands, splashing in contaminated ponds, or through blood - in the presence of infectious diseases, chickenpox, measles. Conjunctivitis is contagious during the acute and chronic stage and appears redness of the eyes, bursting of small blood vessels, swelling of the eyelids, the appearance of discharge from the eyes, pain and a burning sensation.
Chronic conjunctivitis develops gradually,affecting both eyes occurs when metabolic disorders, lesions of the nasal and lacrimal system, manifested a sense of "sand" and photophobia. Allergic conjunctivitis is accompanied by redness of the eyelids, itching and burning sensation, coughing, and a runny nose may occur in response to external stimuli: the pollen of flowering plants, household dust, smoke, chemicals, and drugs and hypothermia.
Among infectious diseases and eye should be noted:
- blepharitis - inflammation of the edges of the eyelids, both of eye disease;
- keratitis - corneal lesion;
- uveitis - an inflammation of the choroid;
- dacryocystitis - a disease of the lacrimal sac;
- barley - inflammation localized insebaceous glands or hair follicles ciliated. In multiple purulent foci there is an increase in body temperature, chills, severe pain in the eyeballs, discharge from the eyes.
Modern drugs enableprovide the necessary complex treatment-specific infectious disease. Prevention involves well-organized care and a balanced diet enriched with vitamins A, B, C, and E.