Wasting, degree of malnutrition


  • Wasting, degree of malnutrition
  • opastno malnutrition
  • Diagnosis of malnutrition

  • Wasting, degree of malnutrition

    Grade I - weight deficit in relation to the norm is 10-20%
    Grade II - a deficit of 20-30%
    III -otstavanie degree exceeds 30 weight%

    Wasting - a pathological condition thatIt occurs in children with long-term eating disorders and lead to developmental delay. It is not just about physical development, but also on indicators of mental, motor and emotional development. In addition, when malnutrition reduces the body's resistance.

    Wasting, degree of malnutrition Sometimes a baby born full-term, is born already underweight. In such cases we speak of "congenital malnutrition". It arises due to malnutritionthe mother during pregnancy or the influence of harmful factors (bacteria and viruses, drugs, alcohol, nicotine, and so on. d.) on the fetus. But usually malnutrition - a consequence of improper feeding or care of the child (violation of drinking water, temperature, etc.). It can develop in certain congenital severe, acute or chronic infectious diseases.

    Late detection and improper treatment of anemia,rickets, intestinal dysbiosis also contribute to the rapid development of malnutrition among children in the first years of life. Therefore, regularly shows a small child to the doctor!

    Underfeeding can be both quantitative andquality. In the first case the child simply put it does not receive supply volume, in the second - in his diet lacking protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, iron, minerals or other nutrients.

    If underfeeding infant most mothers said absolutely unacceptable, by overfeeding them, as a rule, are more relaxed ("hungry - let him eat a lot - not enough"). However overfeed the baby is no less dangerous and harmful than undernourish. Excessive amount of food is accompanied by regurgitation, and sometimes vomiting, changes in the nature and frequency of bowel movements, abdominal pain, anxiety and tears, but that the most unpleasant - a violation of the child digestion and inadequate weight gain.

    External signs of malnutrition:

    • thinning of the subcutaneous fat layer in all areas of the child's body;
    • flabby folds of fat;
    • Reductions in muscle tone and muscle weakness;
    • pallor, sometimes dry skin and mucous membranes;
    • poor weight gain, or even its complete absence;
    • sleep disturbances;
    • there are signs of rickets and other hypovitaminosis.

    opastno malnutrition

    Reduced gastric acidity,the activity of the stomach and intestinal enzymes designed to assist the splitting and the normal digestion. If no action is taken, it will gradually lead to malabsorption of nutrients and metabolism. When the intensity reaches hypotrophy II or III degree even regular food load may cause serious disorders of the stomach, intestine, liver and pancreas. Adverse changes to the child can be observed in the heart muscle and other organs of the muscle, lungs, bones. Often the work of the kidneys is disrupted, deteriorating eyesight and develops anemia. But the most dangerous thing that suffers brain.

    Diagnosis of malnutrition

    First of all it is important to identify the root causedisease tolerance and identify a particular baby food. Important timely diagnosis and treatment of opportunistic diseases: anemia, rickets, intestinal dysbiosis etc. Mild forms of malnutrition can be treated at home, more profound changes require hospitalization. In severe cases of malnutrition may require intravenous nutrition. For proper treatment at home and in the hospital needed some research - a common and biochemical analysis of blood and stool studies (to assess the degree of impairment of digestion in the stomach and intestines and to identify dysbiosis).

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