Bronchial asthma - a chronic diseasebronchi, often occurs in children with allergies or respiratory tract infections. The main manifestation of the disease are the bronchial obstruction caused by spasm, edema of the bronchi, the increase in production of thick, viscous mucus, airway plugging gaps. The mechanism of development of bronchial obstruction include immunological and non-immunological reaction based on innate and acquired hypersensitivity of the bronchi.
Home attack of asthma in the childIt can be sudden, but usually it is preceded by excessive secretion of mucus from the nose, itching and redness of the eyes, cough, headache. School of asthma teaches parents to see harbingers of attack and prevent it with the help of available funds.
During asthma attack the childHe looks frightened: pale face, lips cyanotic, the skin is covered with cold sweat. The lack of air compression in the chest, shortness of breath and cough are forced to take a forced situation, often sitting, with an emphasis on hands. A child catches a mouth air, barely talking, nostrils flaring with each breath, breathing involves not only the respiratory muscles, and the muscles of the shoulder girdle, back and abdomen.
During an attack of bronchial asthma therapyaimed at the elimination of bronchospasm and facilitate the child's breathing. The first thing to remember medications for the relief of attack should always be at hand. Inhalation of bronchodilators by nebulization quickly eliminates bronchospasm and allows critical situation.
In addition, emergency care in bronchialAsthma involves creating a secure environment and ensure the free inflow of fresh air. Child must be to reassure, seat or bed, put a pillow. As a home remedy for asthma is recommended hot foot baths, lasting 10-15 minutes, providing a reflex bronchodilation and reduced edema.
In asthma schools teach thatan asthmatic attack in a child can last from a few minutes to several hours. He can not be serious, but parents should not doubt the need for urgent remedial measures. Of course, bronchospasm may pass on their own, but the canons of asthma therapy is not allow to stretch the suffering of the patient, the condition can worsen at any time.
When docked attack, treatment of bronchialAsthma goes to the rank of basic therapy, carried out by a step circuit. The basic tools in asthma include anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, bronchodilator drugs. Commonly used methods of physical therapy, reduce inflammation, eliminate residual bronchospasm, helps cleanse the bronchi. Particular attention to in order to help the child's immunity in asthma it is important to stimulate protective mechanisms, thus reducing the bronchial hyperreactivity.
The most important component of basic therapyasthma is allergen-specific immunotherapy, or as it is called in the "allergy vaccination" people. The goal of treatment is to reduce the reactivity of the bronchi to the action of specific allergens that cause asthma attacks. It held an allergist in autumn or winter, and the effect of the therapy, the higher the earlier it is started.
That depends on the child's parents? In addition to the basic treatment and medicines for asthma for the child it is important to create a healthy living environment.
The school asthma learn how to reduce exposure to allergens.
Remove carpets and upholstered furniture with textile upholstery, blinds and curtains in the room where the baby sleeps.
- Books stored in closed cabinets.
- Most wet cleaning.
- The mattress on which the sleeping child, covered with foil on the pillows to put on 2 pillowcases.
- When an allergy to wool - parting with pets.
- It is better not to have in the apartment fresh flowers.
- No smoking in the house - at least, that can make parents of a child suffering from bronchial asthma care - was a complete cessation of smoking.
It is important to stay in the open air,except for hot days, windy weather, when the air is full of allergenic pollen. Physical activity in schools is permitted, in bronchial asthma useful exercise. But parents need to know that at the beginning of training can reflex bronchospasm, so it is recommended to inhale the medicine before the studies. When physical activity spontaneously expand the bronchi, the effect is very useful for patients with asthma.
Asthma can not be cured, treatment is to reduce the frequency of attacks, reducing their severity, a large percentage of cases of children held their own as they grow older.