What is polio
Poliomyelitis - an acute viral disease withdamage to the nervous system. At the moment it occurs very rarely due to the fact that the adoption of mandatory vaccination of children at an early age against the virus, the causative agent. However, you may experience isolated cases of the disease in people with immature immunity after vaccination, or those who in childhood received medotvod vaccination (due to other diseases or allergic reactions). People have lifelong immunity to the three main forms of poliomyelitis viruses previously vaccinated and the occurrence of the disease is impossible.
How does polio
Consider the clinical manifestations of the disease incases, if the infection is still there, and immunity to it the person does not. Sam polio virus spreads easily by water and possible contamination through water, food or unwashed hands. The age of onset of the disease a significant effect on the severity of symptoms: children suffer the disease harder than adults.
Initially, when a virus infection is affectedgastrointestinal tract: developing small intestinal disorder, fever and slight malaise. Virus from the intestine into the blood is sucked, and then (averaging 2-3 weeks) symptoms appear lesions of the central nervous system (CNS).
The most favorable form of defeatcentral nervous system - it is without forming paralysis. It is characterized by fever, dizziness, headache, rush of blood to the skin. Then there are pains in the back and limbs, sometimes pain in all the muscles; determined rigidity and tension of the neck muscles. After a few weeks of the existence of such symptoms the patient recovers completely.
Worse prognosis than is possible with a second formdamage to the central nervous system - the development of paralysis. In this form there are pains in the limbs and back are replaced by paralysis of certain muscles of the trunk, limbs, neck, ie, expressed their weakness and inability to voluntary movement. Perhaps the development of massive symmetrical paralysis of the neck, arms and legs, and "spotted" paralysis - with asymmetrical lesions of individual muscles throughout the body. Usually paralysis reaches its maximum in a day from the beginning. During this time, it may be "upward" or "downward" dissemination of the body - that is, from the legs to the neck, or back.
Paralysis of muscles literally lead todisability man - the inability to move independently and serve themselves. Furthermore, they can lead to dislocations of the joints. This happens due to the weakening of the muscle joint support, as well as pathological redistribution of muscle tone in his field. In addition to paralysis of skeletal muscles, may develop paralysis of the diaphragm, throat, tongue, intercostal muscles. These symptoms are especially dangerous because of the possible pathology of breathing and swallowing. Such patients need time to translate into an artificial pulmonary ventilation and provide food through a stomach tube.
In the treatment of polio primarily importantabsolute calm, which will reduce the likelihood of osteo-articular complications. Woo him bed rest and the use of supportive corsets. In addition, the used physical therapy for the prevention of joint stiffness - hot compresses on the area of painful muscles, exercise therapy under medical supervision. Second anti-inflammatory activity used drugs, analgesics and tranquilizers.