Scarlet fever - «purple fever", because at the end of the XVII century
It called the disease better known as scarlet fever. In past centuries, scarlet fever
took away thousands of lives during epidemics every third patient died of this
infection. It was compared with the plague, funds from the scourge existed and
I could only pray for salvation. Today the situation has changed,
the incidence decreased significantly, but the infection is still there. AT
Basically, doctors recorded cases of scarlet fever in children, because the causes and symptoms of scarlet fever should know each
Scarlet fever - an acute infectious disease caused by
beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A, which is found in angina,
chronic tonsillitis, streptococcal impetigo, erysipelas skin is
cause of rheumatic fever and acute glomerulonephritis.
Streptococci may inhabit the tonsils and the child's skin, but scarlet fever
It occurs only under favorable conditions when they begin to show
septic properties, i.e. penetrate into the surrounding tissue tonsils fall
in the blood and viscera, causing secondary damage and poisoning
organism. It plays a role allergic factor causing the appearance of
scarlet rash and the development of complications such as rheumatic fever or vasculitis.
The source of infection is a sick man. Infection
It occurs through airborne droplets when communicating with patients, singling out
microbes with saliva droplets when coughing, sneezing and talking. Special
risk of contact with an infected person in the early days of the disease and
Over the next 3 weeks. In addition, infection may streptococcus
dirty hands, household items, kitchenware, toys or clothes.
"To catch" scarlet fever pathogen can be a healthy
person who is a carrier of infection. Up to 20% of adults are
carriers of beta-hemolytic streptococci and it does not have symptoms of scarlet fever.
The susceptibility of children and adults to toxigenic strains
A beta-hemolytic streptococcus high. Immunity after myocardial
tipospetsifichen disease, that is, if a child, a man suffered
scarlet fever caused by streptococcus distinguishing erythrogenic toxin type A,
do not interfere with scarlet fever ill again, provided that the new
pathogen belongs to a different serovar.
Scarlet fever is manifested general intoxication, sore throat,
punctate rash on the body. From there the symptoms of scarlet fever? incubation period
disease ranges from 1 to 10 days. So much time is necessary to
Streptococcus began to show toxigenic properties launched in the body of the child
pathological processes inherent in such diseases as scarlet fever. The incubation period is completed the development of the inflammatory process at the site of penetration
A beta-hemolytic streptococcus - develops scarlet angina.
In the process of life pathogen scarlet highlights
toxins that affect the small blood vessels in the skin and internal
organs, causing a scarlet rash. Increased and more
permeability of small blood vessels in the skin accompanied by edema surrounding
tissues and malnutrition, which leads to the death of cells in the epidermis,
keratinization and subsequent flaking.
In response to the introduction of streptococci in the child's body begin
generated antibodies, which are fixed on the membranes and internal organs
participate in the development of autoimmune reactions, the basis for such diseases as
glomerulonephritis, rheumatic fever, endocarditis, arteritis.
The causative agent of scarlet fever goes from tonsils in regional
lymph nodes, and collects them in the lymphoid tissue causes inflammation.
Breakthrough the barrier and the blood rushing, streptococci are spread
body, it affects various organs and tissues, causing secondary foci of infection,
eg, purulent otitis, meningitis, lymphadenitis.
Stop scarlet fever
It can only be timely treatment. With the development of a child's sore throat,
a rash on your body, consult your pediatrician for further