Pyelonephritis refers to inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, which are the causative agent of microbes living in the gut of a healthy child. Among the predisposing factors should benoted primarily urinary retention that may occur due to mechanical compression of the ureter in trauma, tumors, constipation. Stagnation of urine in yearling kids, who are not able to empty the bladder end - breeding ground for bacteria. The spread of infection can occur in diseases of the external genitalia, especially the little girls are subject to due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure. Sometimes for pyelonephritis in children may be asymptomatic until the year that complicates diagnosis. Today pediatric experts say frequent cases of pyelonephritis in infants, which is associated with a number of reasons. One of them is the reduction of immunity in infants because of the frequent use of antibiotics. Finally, the presence in the body of the baby the infection, such as tonsillitis or intrauterine infection can also serve as an impetus to the development of inflammation.
Diseases of the bladder, urethra and uretersIt may also lead to the development of pyelonephritis in children, the treatment to be tough and thorough, but careful attention of parents - curable. In severe disease impaired renal excretory function, shown a picture of acute renal failure. Parents should be alert at all times because it affects the fate of the baby, and even his sexual health. During the illness of the child is required to regularly take a urine test, all the while being in contact with the doctor, to comply strictly with all appointments and orders pediatrician and urologist in order to avoid possible complications. Among the consequences of this renal disease should be made sepsis apostematozny nephritis, kidney carbuncle, paranephritis - this is the most typical disease of infants and toddlers.
Laboratory diagnosis is an important step incourse of the disease, so regular 1 time in 5-7 days, it is necessary to conduct a general analysis of urine for Nechiporenko analysis. The study examined the color of urine, its acidity, specific gravity, pathological impurities: protein, white blood cells, red blood cells. Blood tests conducted in the acute phase of the disease, indicating mild anemia, leukocytosis and increased ESR.
Before the treatment of inflammatoryprocess, it is necessary to eliminate all predisposing factors. Therapy is aimed at fighting infection, urine flow and renal function recovery. The child at the time appointed uroseptiki and antibiotics for a long time. It is very important at this time to sanitize the existing pockets of infection are very useful fitoprotsedury using herbs charges diuretic action: rosehips, dill, parsley, celery. Noted the medicinal properties of asparagus, oats, St. John's wort, sage, plantain, significantly improves renal blood flow.
For the entire period of the disease is necessary to ensurebaby bed rest, to create the most comfortable conditions with abundant warm drink. Especially useful cranberry juice and cranberries, fruit juices and fruit drinks, fresh fruits and vegetables, preferably watermelons, melons, squash. A child of any age, and kids especially, at this time shows a light diet and taking vitamins. Treatment be long, in some cases up to 2-3 months to complete rehabilitation of urine. After the main phase of treatment will receive infusions and teas from kidney fees herbs with antiseptic and diuretic. Very useful in this period of alkaline mineral water. Weather favorable for life, death is rarely observed, only in the case of sepsis.
Prevention is to identify high-risk groupsfor urinary tract infection: it premature babies fed artificially, with the system and immune diseases, manifestations of urolithiasis, as well as babies with anomalies and malformations of the urinary tract.