Panic attack

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  • What is a panic disorder
  • What are the symptoms of panic attack



  • What is a panic disorder

    Panic attack
    The criterion for the disorder in the form of panic reactions are
    spontaneous, sporadic and intense periods of anxiety, usually
    lasting less than an hour. These panic attacks are often two
    once a week, subject to the breakdown of persons, although they may
    occur less often. The terms "panic attack" and "vegetative
    crisis "are used equally to designate substantially
    identical conditions. Panic attack (vegetative crisis) -
    They are the clearest and most dramatic manifestation of the syndrome
    vegetative dystonia.

    In turn, vegetative dystonia (SVD) syndrome can
    arise and develop under the influence of numerous factors, including,
    as a hereditary constitutional factors, physiological
    shifts (the effect of acute or chronic stress), hormonal
    restructuring (pubertal periods, postpartum and menopause)
    organic somatic diseases (psychosomatic
    diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, peptic ulcer
    disease, asthma, and other somatic disease)
    organic nervous system disorders (e.g., disorders in
    the integrative systems of the brain, the limbic-reticular
    complex, the hypothalamic region of the brain stem structures)
    occupational diseases (hard work in the psychological or
    physical plane), neurosis, mental disorders (especially
    all depression). All these factors create a primary prerequisites
    for the development of the syndrome, which may be complicated further
    the occurrence of panic attacks (PA).

    Sigmund Freud at the end of the last century, describes the "attack alarm"
    in which the alarm occurred suddenly it was not provoked
    any ideas, and accompanied by respiratory failure, heart
    activities and other bodily functions. such states
    Freud described under the "anxiety neurosis" or "neurosis
    anxiety. " The word "panic" has its origin in the name of
    the Greek god Pan. According to the myths, suddenly appears
    Ban evoked such terror that a man threw himself headlong run, not
    dale, not realizing that the flight itself
    could threaten him with death. The concepts of suddenness and unexpectedness
    occurrence of an attack may have fundamental importance for
    understanding the origin of panic attacks.

    The term "panic attack" was today recognized worldwide
    due to the classification of the American Psychiatric Association.



    What are the symptoms of panic attack

    • Repeated occurrence of attacks in which intense fear
      discomfort or in combination with 4 or more of the following
      symptoms develop suddenly and reach their peak during the
      10 minutes;
    • Ripple, palpitations, rapid pulse;
    • sweating;
    • Chills, tremors;
    • The feeling of lack of air, shortness of breath;
    • Shortness of breath, choking;
    • Pain or discomfort in the left side of the chest;
    • Nausea or other discomfort (e.g., urge to
      urinate);
    • The feeling of dizziness, unsteadiness, lightheadedness
      or lightheadedness;
    • The feeling of derealization, depersonalization;
    • Fear of going crazy or commit an act of control;
    • Fear of death;
    • Numbness or tingling sensations (eg, grow cold
      limbs);
    • Waves of heat or cold.

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