Sjogren's syndrome, syndrome symptoms
Sjogren's syndrome - a chronic inflammatorydisease characterized by dry eyes, mouth, and other mucous membranes. This syndrome is often accompanied by symptoms characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Sjogren's Syndrome, according to experts, is In some patients, symptoms Other people defeat affects many organs. For lack of Lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system develops in patients with Sjögren's syndrome in 44 times more often than other people.
auto¬immunnym disease, but the cause is unknown. It is less widely
common than rheumatoid arthritis, and is more common in women,
In Sjogren's syndrome occurs infiltration of leukocytes
glands producing liquid secretion, particularly the salivary and lacrimal
glands. As a result of damage to white blood cells there are characteristic glands
symptoms - dry mouth and dry eye irritation. at
Sjögren's syndrome is sometimes also affects the mucous membranes,
lining the gastrointestinal tract, trachea, vagina and vulva.
limited to dry mouth or sharp pain in the eyes. because of
lack of tear fluid can significantly damaged cornea, and
sometimes there is irreversible damage to the eye. Lack of saliva in the mouth
leads to a blunting of taste and smell, and eating process
become painful swallowing, quickly developing caries.
mucus in the trachea and lung airways become more susceptible
to infection, increased risk of pneumonia. Sometimes inflamed shell
surrounding the heart - pericarditis develops. often damaged
nerves, especially facial nerves. Defeat can affect the liver,
pancreas, spleen, kidneys and lymph nodes. Arthritis
It occurs in approximately 33% of patients affected with the same
joints, as in rheumatoid arthritis. However, the syndrome of arthritis
Sjogren less severe and does not usually lead to the destruction of joints.
In some patients, symptoms
Other people defeat affects many organs. For lack of
Lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system develops in patients with Sjögren's syndrome in 44 times more often than other people.
When a person is marked dryness of the mouth, The blood tests revealed pathological antibodies in the
pain in the eyes and inflammation of the joints, is likely to Sjogren's syndrome. AT
diagnosis helped by various studies. Thus, it is possible to evaluate the
the amount produced by the lacrimal fluid: Place strip
filter paper under the lower eyelid and measure its length humidification
(Schirmer test). A person with a Sjogren's syndrome produces less
one third of the normal amount of tear fluid. Ophthalmologist checks
if there is damage to eyes.
To assess secretion of the salivary glands, make more sophisticated
research, such as scan or a biopsy of the salivary glands.
including highly specific for Sjögren's syndrome - for example, 85-B. Often
Patients with Sjogren's syndrome also have antibodies that are more specific
for rheumatoid arthritis (rheumatoid factor) or systemic lupus
lupus (antinuclear antibody). erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
elevated in 7 of 10 patients and in 1 of 3 decreased erythrocyte content
(Anemia), or certain types of blood leukocytes.
The blood tests revealed pathological antibodies in the
Prognosis and treatment of Sjogren's syndrome
Prognosis depends on the ability of antibodies to damage vital
vital organs. In rare cases, pneumonia, kidney failure, or
development of lymphomas lead to death of the patient. Sjogren's Syndrome -
an incurable disease, but the symptoms can be reduced. When dry eye
using eye drops. If dry mouth is recommended
and then sip a sip of liquid without chewing gum
sugar, rinse your mouth. Avoid drugs that reduce
salivation and thereby exacerbate this symptom: for example,
"Cough" means and antihistamines. If
damage to the salivary glands slightly prescribe the drug pilocarpine,
which stimulates the production of saliva. Careful oral hygiene and
frequent dental visits can minimize tooth damage.
Soreness and swelling of the salivary glands are treated with analgesics. at
Sjogren's syndrome symptoms of the joints is usually light, so that
It is often sufficient to appoint an aspirin and rest. If there is bright
expressed internal injuries corticosteroids are effective,
such as prednisone, taken orally.