Bad smell from feet


  • sweating
  • increased perspiration
  • Treatment of patients with excessive sweating

  • sweating

    Sweating - the most important function of the skin. Mingling with secret
    sebaceous glands, sweat forms a thin protective layer on the skin surface.
    Sweating is also one of the most important ways
    thermoregulation of the body. The maximum intensity of perspiration from
    a person may be 3.5-4 liters per hour for several hours
    and eventually reach 14 liters a day.

    In addition to thermoregulation, when healthy organism is isolated
    psychogenic (emotional) and food sweating. psychogenic
    It occurs when an emotional or mental strain and is not related to
    the need to cool the body. This increased sweating
    may have a different intensity over the entire surface amplified
    body and in limited areas, especially on the palms and soles.
    Food sweating observed when eating any temperature,
    enhanced by the use of sharp and rich in extractive substances
    food, alcohol. Sweat facilitates work of kidneys, the body with him
    exempt from a number of harmful products of metabolism.

    Sweating is carried out by sweat glands. Their total number of
    in humans -. about 2 million At 1 cm2 palms or soles is located
    about 430 sweat glands, while the remaining areas - from 64 to 200.
    Known and apocrine sweat glands ekkrinnye. apocrine located
    axillary and anal areas, perineum, peripapillary zone
    breast, wings of the nose, eyelids, in the outer ear canal.
    They do not take a significant part in thermoregulation and react in
    primarily to stress. Functioning of apocrine glands
    accompanied by destruction of secretory cells, therefore sweat odorous and
    viscous. Apocrine glands begin to function during sex
    maturation in old age their activity gradually weakened.
    Ekkrinnye glands are located everywhere except the head and the foreskin
    penis, red border. Isolation is not the secret of these glands
    accompanied by destruction of secretory cells.

    The composition of sweat are: up to 99% water; about 1% inorganic
    (Sodium chloride, calcium, sulfates, phosphates, iron, zinc, cobalt,
    tin, magnesium, copper, etc.) and organic (urea, uric and lactic
    acid, amino acids, creatinine) substances. Sweat glands attached ekkrinnyh
    skin surface acidic (pH 3,8-5,6) and apocrine sweat glands
    It has a neutral reaction.

    increased perspiration

    Bad smell from feetIncreased sweating (hyperhidrosis) is one of the symptoms
    some diseases of the nervous system, internal organs and has in those
    cases of secondary importance. But sometimes sweating disorders
    so pronounced that dominate the clinical picture and lead to
    the emergence of emotional and behavioral disorders, and disruption of the social
    Patients adaptation.

    The condition is a normal physiological sweating
    skin, blood vessels, endocrine glands. lesions of these
    bodies can cause sweating disorder. So, hyperhidrosis
    usually accompanies diabetes, infectious diseases,
    febrile illness, obesity, certain cardiovascular
    disease, pain. Physiological hyperhidrosis occurs when
    excess weight before and during menstruation, during menopause, to
    end of pregnancy.

    Often there is a hyperhidrosis of feet and armpits (result
    violation of local heat transfer), aided by uncomfortable shoes,
    flat, tight and poorly conductive warm clothes, an increase
    temperature and humidity of the environment. desudation
    often accompanied by the smell of sweat, more common in young men,
    and young women are sometimes associated with menstrual irregularities.
    It is believed that bad smell due to the presence in the composition of sweat
    Some amino acids (leucine, tyrosine), fatty acids, products
    bacterial decomposition of sweat. Increased sweating armpits
    is hereditary, it occurs in both sexes, but
    mainly in men at a young age, rarely - in the older, and do not
    observed in children. It is believed that excessive sweating is associated with
    ekkrinnyh increased activity of the sweat glands, the number of which
    each axilla reaches 25 thousand.

    Emotionally difficult tolerated excessive sweating
    palms and soles - akrogidroz. When sweating palms always clearly
    expressed emotional and age factors. Excessive akrogidroz
    observed in patients suffering from neurosis, alcoholism, polyneuropathy, and others.

    Hyperhidrosis contributes to the development of skin diseases - especially
    fungal lesions stop. Hyperhidrosis of the hands and feet followed by
    a number of congenital or hereditary diseases.

    Treatment of patients with excessive sweating

    Treatment of patients with excessive sweating - a complex process, and rarely
    which leads to the complete emancipation of the disease. The main thing - to identify and
    eliminate the causes of hyperhidrosis. General treatment is usually
    appoint the expressed manifestations resistant to topical therapy, and
    is the appointment of sedatives (drugs valerian,
    motherwort, bromides, medicine spondylitis), tranquilizers and others.
    Use products that contain atropine and papaverine (powders appoint
    one 2 weeks 3 times daily). Effective Belloidum (his
    appoint 1 tablet 3 times a day, for a long time). When hyperhidrosis
    arising on a background of emotional disorders, a good effect is given
    tranquilizers. Of the other assets into use calcium supplements,
    rutin, vitamins A, E, B6, B15, sage tea (0.5 cups 2 times

    With moderate hyperhidrosis commonly prescribed topical treatment.
    Local media are divided into deodorants and antiperspirants. first
    inhibit decomposition of sweat and mask the odor by using perfume
    additives. The means of the second group inhibit sweat gland function.

    in large quantities produced Deodorants perfume
    industry. The presence in them of various antimicrobial
    components, perfume additives and adjuvants sometimes
    It leads to the development of dermatitis (especially in people with allergies).

    For the treatment of hyperhidrosis, dermatologists used primarily
    antiperspirants. These include: formaldehyde; aluminum salts, zinc
    lead, chromium, bismuth; salicylic acid; Ethyl alcohol and other.
    Antiperspirants are used in a variety of dosage forms: powder
    (Powder) for dusting the feet, other areas of the skin, solution, broth
    infusion and for wiping and bath gel, ointment.

    The most effective drugs for the local treatment of
    hyperhidrosis are ready to drugs containing

    Formalin - Solution containing about 35% formaldehyde. apply
    0.5 teaspoon to 2 cups of water for washing the feet. The disadvantage
    the drug is that careless handling of concentrated
    solution can cause burns and poisoning. Formalin is released on
    a doctor's prescription.

    1% alcoholic solution of formalin is used for wiping feet.

    Formidron contains formaldehyde, ethanol, water and colognes.
    A cotton swab dipped Formidron, for 2-4 weeks
    a wipe interdigital folds and soles, taking breaks every
    7-day treatment. Disadvantage - a big expense for application preparation
    on the skin of the feet. Furthermore, evaporation of formaldehyde with ethanol
    leads to unpleasant feelings (the pungent smell, irritation of the mucous membranes

    Pasta Teymurova applied 2 times a day on the skin of the feet after washing.
    Disadvantage - toothpaste stain bedding and socks, bad
    satisfied with this content.

    Formagel - Medication (gel), long-acting, containing 3.7%
    formaldehyde. Applied thinly to the skin with enhanced
    sweating (armpits, soles and interdigital spaces,
    palm) after washing with warm soapy water and thoroughly drying
    towel. The product dries quickly, forming a thin, colorless
    film. After 30-40 minutes, the film is washed off with warm water and thoroughly skin
    dried. One procedure is enough to reduce the sweating of the skin
    for 7-12 days. After reducing the effect of the procedure is repeated, with sharply
    severe sweating it spend 2-3 days in a row. Long
    use of the drug leads to dryness. The drug is not shown
    inflammatory diseases of the skin immediately after shaving or
    removing hair in another way in the axillary region. Contraindications
    is increased and individual sensitivity to
    formalinsoderzhaschim connections. The preparation is easy to apply, not
    has a strong odor, does not leave stains on the bedding and
    clothes. Formagel sold without a prescription inexpensive.

    From physical therapy for the treatment of hyperhidrosis of feet
    appointed iontophoresis, general and local ultraviolet irradiation, UHF,
    shower, Bucca rays.

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