What is acne and acne? How to deal with them?

Content

  • How does acne?
  • Involved in the formation of acne whether microbes and whether acne contagious?
  • Where there are blackheads?
  • Why am I having acne?
  • Why do I get acne in adults?
  • What contributes to acne?
  • Does it make sense to treat acne, or they will do?
  • Can I squeeze pimples?
  • Are contraceptives for acne affect?



  • How does acne?

    Depending on the stage of development and other factors, there are several types of acne:

    comedones
    (Comedo or acne comedonica) - noninflammatory elements that
    arise due to blockage of the sebaceous glands. accumulate
    sebum looks as white nodules located under the skin.
    The diameter of these nodules is typically 2-3 mm. When the output of sebum
    out and its oxidation by air oxygen appear black spot acne
    or open comedones.

    What is acne and acne? How to deal with them?Papular and pustular acne papules
    (Acne papulosa or papulopustulosa) - develops due to inflammation
    around a closed or open comedones. In marked inflammation such
    acne can leave scars on the skin.

    induratum acne
    (Acne indurativa) characterized by the appearance of inflammation in the deep
    layers of the skin, which is always accompanied by the appearance of scars
    disappearance sprinkler element. Induratum eels have a solid
    consistency, leading to inflammation, edema of the surrounding skin.

    abscess acne
    (Acne phlegmonosa) - are the result of further progression
    inflammation and the appearance of cavities in the skin filled with pus. Such
    cavities (cysts) may merge with each other and form cysts
    considerable size. Induratum and phlegmonous acne often
    called uzlovatokistoznymi.

    Conglobata or acne piled
    (Acne conglobata) indicate severe illness and
    appear numerous uzlovatokistoznymi acne that
    appear on the face, upper back and chest, abdomen. Also
    characterized by the appearance of large fields of comedones, which are then
    converted into uzlovatokistoznye acne. Such acne may merge with each
    other forming a cavity containing pus. As a rule, konglobatnye
    acne leave behind severe scarring, often keloid. how
    Generally, acne conglobata do not pass on their own after sexual
    maturation and may appear on the skin up to 40-50 years.

    lightning acne
    (Acne fulminans) is a rare form of acne and there are mostly in
    men aged 13-18 years, against the backdrop of papules and pustular konglobatnye
    acne. Lightning speed is the appearance of ulcerative surfaces
    place the eel. All this is accompanied by fever, weakness,
    joint pain, abdominal pain, and other symptoms suggestive of
    lesions of the body, and not only the skin.

    inverse acne (Acne inversa) or suppurativny hydradenitis
    (Hidradenitis suppurativa). After inflammatory reactions in the hair
    follicles and sebaceous glands, sweat ducts are squeezed glands.
    As a result, the accumulation of substances in the skin occurs, within the
    the sweat. The result is inflammation and the appearance of sinus
    moves. Aggravating factors are overweight, clothes friction
    and itching in these places (armpits, nipples, in the crotch area,
    navel and others.).


    Involved in the formation of acne whether microbes and whether acne contagious?

    severe
    forms of acne (konglobatnye, phlegmonous, acne lightning)
    associated with penetration of skin microorganisms living on OK
    skin - Propionebacterium acnes and Staphylococcus epidermidis, and
    others. Acne is not contagious, because it is necessary for the appearance of acne
    Several factors, and microbial infection is a consequence of violations
    protective barriers, the emergence of the culture medium (sebum).


    Where there are blackheads?

    acne
    It appears where there are sebaceous glands. Sites where the sebaceous glands
    are found in large numbers, are facial skin, upper
    chest and back. Possibly, acne and other skin areas of
    except the palms and soles of the skin, where there are only sweat
    cancer.


    Why am I having acne?

    acne
    result from disorders of the sebaceous glands. One side
    This malfunction may be due to increased production of skin
    fat, on the other hand blockage excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands
    cosmetics, dust or other substances.

    The factors leading to an increased allocation of sebum, include:

    • increased activity of the sebaceous glands at the age of 12-24 years, which is a physiological process;
    • seborrhea, accompanied by an increased allocation of sebum due to hereditary causes;
    • at
      long-term use of corticosteroids, antiepileptic
      drugs, anti-TB drugs (isoniazid, rifampicin,
      ethambutol), and the application of azathioprine, cyclosporin A,
      chloral hydrate, lithium salts, iodine preparations, chlorine, bromine and vitamins
      (Especially - B1, B2, B6, B12, D2);
    • endocrine
      diseases accompanied by increased levels of male sex
      hormones (eg, polycystic ovaries, which can also
      accompanied by hirsutism or hypertrichosis);
    • tumors of the adrenal glands and ovaries.

    The reasons that cause blockage of the sebaceous glands are
    primarily cosmetics containing fat emulsion or
    oily substance - lanolin, vaseline, olive oil, etc. Usually.
    means causing or worsening acne inscription comedonogenic, those that do not cause blockage of the glands is written non-comedonogenic.

    Most often arise acne several reasons.


    Why do I get acne in adults?

    appearance
    acne in adults may be associated with comedogenic cosmetics, as well as due to endocrine
    diseases. The appearance of acne in people over 25 years should
    be a cause for concern and a more detailed examination of the body.
    Often, acne appears in 30-35 years for women, beginners intensive
    use creams. As a result, a permanent occlusion of the sebaceous
    glands appear acne. The desire to eliminate these defects in thicker
    a layer of cream lead to further aggravation of acne.


    What contributes to acne?

    besides
    these factors may contribute to acne
    permanent trauma comedones ( "stripping"), squeezing blackheads,
    work in wet with a high temperature (for example,
    kitchen).
    What is acne and acne? How to deal with them?


    Does it make sense to treat acne, or they will do?

    how
    Typically, papular acne comedones and do not leave behind a scar
    marks on the skin, so no treatment has no effect on future
    a skin. Papules-pustular, phlegmonous, acne conglobata
    leave behind scarring, which is hard enough
    respond to treatment (dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser resurfacing
    skin). Different types of acne are the stages of acne, so
    the appearance of each subsequent stage is quite natural, but requires
    certain conditions. Papular acne are not always pass
    conglobata, but when moving, then disappoint their owner. AT
    Anyway, even with comedones it makes sense to apply a skin cleansing
    lotions.


    Can I squeeze pimples?

    Squeeze
    Acne can not be. In the case of acne, accompanied by the addition of an infection,
    extrusion leads, firstly, to further progression
    acne, secondly, the ingress of bacteria into the bloodstream. As,
    blood vessels of a person closely associated with cerebral vessels all
    traumatic manipulations with purulent skin formations
    is above the upper lip, may lead to serious
    effects, including death.


    Are contraceptives for acne affect?

    known
    Estrogens reduce manifestations of acne, while
    Progesterone acts opposite. Contraceptives containing only
    progesterone can exacerbate acne. In the presence of
    a woman's body an excess of male hormones (androgens)
    appointment of contraceptives with antiandrogenic action leads to
    reduction or disappearance of acne.

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