Periodontal diseases are very common, especially among adults.
a complex of tissues that surround and provide its tooth fixation
in the jawbone. This complex includes the gums, periodontal
ligament connecting the root of the tooth to the bone hole, the bone tissue
alveolar processes and the cement of the tooth root. In various diseases
periodontal disease process may be involved any part
periodontal complex or the entire periodontium in general.
pathological process is also different: degenerative,
inflammatory or tumor. Among all periodontal diseases 90-95%
accounted for inflammatory, such as gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis - Is an inflammatory process in the tissues of the gingival margin, which affects only the surface of gum tissue.
It is an inflammatory process that involves all structures
periodontal. It is characterized by the destruction of the periodontal compound
and the progressive destruction of the alveolar processes of the jaw bone.
gingivitis and periodontitis - are two related forms of the disease,
because the inflammatory process occurs first in the gum tissue,
and gradually involved in it subject to the periodontal structures:
periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.
What are the symptoms of periodontal disease
The disease occurs
in childhood, in the presence of both permanent and deciduous teeth.
The reason for the early and rapid development of the disease are the common defects
Tactics experts reduced to more closely
antimicrobial control. However, positive results can be persistent
achieved only by eliminating the defects of the immune system via
directed drug exposure.
this form of periodontitis occurs electoral defeat reference
the apparatus of the first permanent tooth. The disease is caused
bacteria, actinomycetes, namely Actinomycetes comitans.
In the majority of cases occur in children whose parents are
The process is accompanied by a minimum
inflammatory response. This type of micro-organisms has
the ability to suppress protective immune responses
organism, so under these conditions the antibodies do not manage
form. Subsequent permanent teeth damaged
rare, because time to form and express their eventually
protective effect of specific antibodies.
active antibiotic therapy - for at least 3 weeks -
in combination with local intervention. The need for long-term
antibiotics due to the fact that micro-organisms, not only
inhabit extragingival groove, and subsequently - periodontal
pocket, but also penetrate deep into the tissue and bone structures, where
quite firmly retained.
specific microflora: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinomycetes
comitans and Prevotella intermedia. And often the case
combination thereof. In this case, each reinforcing effect microorganisms
other, causing destruction of tissues and suppress the immune response.
Tactics is carefully machined periodontal
pockets and intensive antibiotic treatment (3-4 weeks).
Surgical treatment - scrappy operations - carried out only after
complete a full course of antibiotic treatment, otherwise it
The most reliable measure of the effectiveness of treatment
a microbiological analysis of the contents of periodontal pockets
and tissue biopsies.
What is periodontal disease
At the heart of periodontal disease
It is atrophic-dystrophic process in periodontal tissues.
The disease has a fairly meager symptoms and slow flow.
The reason for its development has not been established.
patients to the doctor? This is mainly a cosmetic defect that is expressed
that there is an outcrop of the roots of teeth. Patients complain
that "settles gums and teeth become long." In some cases, patients
worried about itching in the gums, as well as pain from the nude
necks of the teeth.
Causal treatment of periodontal disease does not exist,
because it does not set the cause of the disease. A doctor holds only
symptomatic treatment - with the help of special equipment (fluoride varnish,
flyuogel etc.) eliminates the increased tooth sensitivity, appoints
massage gums or automassazh to correct trophic disorders,
and also carries out filling the so-called V-shaped defects.
Sometimes appointed vestibuloplasticheskie operation, but the effect
from such interventions it is very short-lived.
and tumor-like lesions of periodontal diseases are among,
which are difficult to predict, since they develop only in individuals
have a tendency to this process. The impetus for the beginning of
process may be hormonal shifts, particularly accumulation
growth hormone during puberty or pregnancy,
presence of chronic traumatic factor prior
inflammation. However, this is only an additional risk factors
provoking the development of these lesions in individuals predisposed
to this process. Currently, there is another fairly
serious factor provoking the development of this type of pathology:
the use of anabolic steroids by young people when doing bodybuilding
and professional power sports.
prevention and consist in eliminating injury, inflammation and, if
necessary, surgical removal of overgrown tissue (for
fibromatosis gums, hypertrophic gingivitis, epulis, mezhkornevyh
granuloma). Patients with such lesions should comply
thorough oral hygiene, the use of special
antiseptic and antibacterial rinses.