What are periodontal diseases

Content

  • periodontal disease
  • What are the symptoms of periodontal disease
  • What is periodontal disease
  • Neoplastic lesions



  • periodontal disease

    Periodontal diseases are very common, especially among adults.

    Parodont -
    a complex of tissues that surround and provide its tooth fixation
    in the jawbone. This complex includes the gums, periodontal
    ligament connecting the root of the tooth to the bone hole, the bone tissue
    alveolar processes and the cement of the tooth root. In various diseases
    periodontal disease process may be involved any part
    periodontal complex or the entire periodontium in general.

    character
    pathological process is also different: degenerative,
    inflammatory or tumor. Among all periodontal diseases 90-95%
    accounted for inflammatory, such as gingivitis and periodontitis.

    Gingivitis - Is an inflammatory process in the tissues of the gingival margin, which affects only the surface of gum tissue.

    Periodontitis -
    It is an inflammatory process that involves all structures
    periodontal. It is characterized by the destruction of the periodontal compound
    and the progressive destruction of the alveolar processes of the jaw bone.

    Actually
    gingivitis and periodontitis - are two related forms of the disease,
    because the inflammatory process occurs first in the gum tissue,
    and gradually involved in it subject to the periodontal structures:
    periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.



    What are the symptoms of periodontal disease

    The disease occurs
    in childhood, in the presence of both permanent and deciduous teeth.
    The reason for the early and rapid development of the disease are the common defects
    immunity.

    Tactics experts reduced to more closely
    antimicrobial control. However, positive results can be persistent
    achieved only by eliminating the defects of the immune system via
    directed drug exposure.

    What are periodontal diseases
    at
    this form of periodontitis occurs electoral defeat reference
    the apparatus of the first permanent tooth. The disease is caused
    bacteria, actinomycetes, namely Actinomycetes comitans.
    In the majority of cases occur in children whose parents are
    native microorganism.

    The process is accompanied by a minimum
    inflammatory response. This type of micro-organisms has
    the ability to suppress protective immune responses
    organism, so under these conditions the antibodies do not manage
    form. Subsequent permanent teeth damaged
    rare, because time to form and express their eventually
    protective effect of specific antibodies.

    Treatment includes
    active antibiotic therapy - for at least 3 weeks -
    in combination with local intervention. The need for long-term
    antibiotics due to the fact that micro-organisms, not only
    inhabit extragingival groove, and subsequently - periodontal
    pocket, but also penetrate deep into the tissue and bone structures, where
    quite firmly retained.

    Caused
    specific microflora: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinomycetes
    comitans and Prevotella intermedia. And often the case
    combination thereof. In this case, each reinforcing effect microorganisms
    other, causing destruction of tissues and suppress the immune response.

    medical
    Tactics is carefully machined periodontal
    pockets and intensive antibiotic treatment (3-4 weeks).
    Surgical treatment - scrappy operations - carried out only after
    complete a full course of antibiotic treatment, otherwise it
    inefficient.

    The most reliable measure of the effectiveness of treatment
    a microbiological analysis of the contents of periodontal pockets
    and tissue biopsies.



    What is periodontal disease

    At the heart of periodontal disease
    It is atrophic-dystrophic process in periodontal tissues.
    The disease has a fairly meager symptoms and slow flow.
    The reason for its development has not been established.

    What causes
    patients to the doctor? This is mainly a cosmetic defect that is expressed
    that there is an outcrop of the roots of teeth. Patients complain
    that "settles gums and teeth become long." In some cases, patients
    worried about itching in the gums, as well as pain from the nude
    necks of the teeth.

    Causal treatment of periodontal disease does not exist,
    because it does not set the cause of the disease. A doctor holds only
    symptomatic treatment - with the help of special equipment (fluoride varnish,
    flyuogel etc.) eliminates the increased tooth sensitivity, appoints
    massage gums or automassazh to correct trophic disorders,
    and also carries out filling the so-called V-shaped defects.
    Sometimes appointed vestibuloplasticheskie operation, but the effect
    from such interventions it is very short-lived.



    Neoplastic lesions

    Tumor
    and tumor-like lesions of periodontal diseases are among,
    which are difficult to predict, since they develop only in individuals
    have a tendency to this process. The impetus for the beginning of
    process may be hormonal shifts, particularly accumulation
    growth hormone during puberty or pregnancy,
    presence of chronic traumatic factor prior
    inflammation. However, this is only an additional risk factors
    provoking the development of these lesions in individuals predisposed
    to this process. Currently, there is another fairly
    serious factor provoking the development of this type of pathology:
    the use of anabolic steroids by young people when doing bodybuilding
    and professional power sports.

    treatment measures
    prevention and consist in eliminating injury, inflammation and, if
    necessary, surgical removal of overgrown tissue (for
    fibromatosis gums, hypertrophic gingivitis, epulis, mezhkornevyh
    granuloma). Patients with such lesions should comply
    thorough oral hygiene, the use of special
    antiseptic and antibacterial rinses.

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