First aid for burns

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First aid for burns
Do you know how to provide first aid for burns?
Certainly, if to interview 10-20 people, the views are different. some offer
make a compress to the burned area with ice, the other - to lubricate the skin with oil,
others recommend the right to resort to medication. What's this
With regard to thermal burns, and if to raise the question of chemical burns,
caused by acids, alkalis and other substances, the majority of respondents
all undecided. Nevertheless, the speed, accuracy and literacy activities for burns to reduce the extent of tissue damage, and sometimes even
saves the life of the victim.


what
is burned, and how to evaluate it?

Burn - is tissue damage that occurs in situ
thermal, chemical, electrical or radiation exposure. more
all we meet with thermal burns, a little less with the chemical
burns caused by acids and alkalis.

The depth of the burn

At a depth of tissue injury, doctors are four degrees
burns. We will not go into details, the common man enough
know what is superficial and what is a deep burn, as well as how to evaluate
the severity of the injury.

For superficial burns are burns I, II, IIIa degree,
as a result of the high temperature of the skin appear red
stains, blisters, filled with fluid and yellowish brown covering
traumatized areas. Superficial burns are always accompanied by severe pain,
damage deeper layers of the skin, and the more muscle and bone, entails
total loss of pain receptors that dulls the pain. By the deep
burns burns usually referred III B and IV
degree.

The area of ​​the burn

Area burn evaluated by the rule palm, considering that
palm area affected is approximately equal to 10% of his body.

What you need to know the area burned? The fact is that even
minor burns accompanied by redness only, but the area,
exceeding 10% of the body, can be life-threatening, especially if injured
a child or an elderly person. Most of these injuries lead to the development
painful shock. Initially, the victim is excited, then he feels a sharp weakness,
It becomes inhibited and apathetic, in this state it can not leave
without skilled care.

With burns a large area and deep burns victim
you should immediately call the brigade "first aid".


First
Help with thermal burns

Help for small
burns and scalds

Although such burns are very painful, often they are
superficial, and thus can deal with them alone.
Burned skin should be hold under a slow stream of cold water for
10-15 minutes - it will reduce the temperature of the tissue, reduce the depth and
the extent of their injury, relieve pain. Thereafter, the burn must
apply dry sterile dressing.

What if the burn
a large area and deep?
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First aid for burns
It is necessary to cause a brigade of "ambulance" and in anticipation
doctor perform the following steps.

  • First of all, it is necessary to stop the action of heat
    to the skin. To do this, place the injured should be freed from clothes, but if
    the fabric is stuck, do not make an effort, it is better to cut it on the edge.
  • Burned area should be watered with cold
    water or immersed in cold water for at least 10 minutes.
  • Apply to the wound dry sterile dressing. at
    it is strictly forbidden to tear the crust, and pierce the bubbles formed
    on the skin.
  • If the victim feels weak, it should be
    put him and give a warm drink, such as a glass of water with one teaspoon
    baking soda, strong tea and coffee.
  • Relieve pain pills will help 1-2 analginum
    or another analgesic.
  • In the event of a fever-stricken harbor
    blanket.
  • If you can not quickly get medical
    help, we recommend drinking plenty of fluids (2 liters of water per day with 5 teaspoons
    baking soda), pain relievers, antihistamines and
    antibiotics, wound surface should be 3 times a day to handle panthenol.


If
Burn acid or alkali reason

The peculiarity of chemical burns to the duration of the
damaging factor. Unlike thermal burn when high
temperature often act briefly, acid or alkali, while the skin
continue their "dirty work" until such time until they are neutralized.

What if chemical burns?

  • Rinse aggressive substance from the skin surface
    with plenty of water. Experts recommend to wash off the acid or alkali
    under a stream of running water for 30 minutes.
  • To neutralize the aggressive agent antidote.
    The acids are neutralized with alkali, for example, a solution of baking soda, soap
    water, alkali - solution of vinegar, lemon juice or citric acid.
  • Close burned area with a clean cloth or
    dry sterile dressing. Chemical burns caused by acid immediately
    accompanied by the formation of a scab, alkaline burns look like erosion, often
    suppurate and more severe, so it is very important to observe sterility
    wounds.

Remember, burns are dangerous shock development, suction
toxic products of disintegration of tissues and poisoning organism defeat
nervous and cardio - vascular systems, dehydration, development
multiple organ failure. Do not risk your life and the lives of their friends and
close, if you doubt the extent of the skin lesions, consult a doctor.

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